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Plant and Soil

, Volume 319, Issue 1–2, pp 235–246 | Cite as

Do tree species characteristics influence soil respiration in tropical forests? A test based on 16 tree species planted in monospecific plots

  • Laëtitia Bréchet
  • Stéphane Ponton
  • Jacques Roy
  • Vincent Freycon
  • Marie-Madeleine Coûteaux
  • Damien Bonal
  • Daniel Epron
Regular Article

Abstract

The high spatial variability of soil respiration in tropical rainforests is well evaluated, but influences of biotic factors are not clearly understood. This study underlines the influence of tree species characteristics on soil respiration across a 16-monospecific plot design in a tropical plantation of French Guiana. A large variability of soil CO2 fluxes was observed among plots (i.e. 2.8 to 6.8 μmol m−2 s−1) with the ranking being constant across seasons. There were no significant relationships between soil respiration and soil moisture or soil temperature, neither spatially, nor seasonally. The variability of soil respiration was mainly explained by quantitative factors such as leaf litterfall and basal area. Surprisingly, no significant relationship was observed between soil respiration and root biomass. However, the influence of substrate quality was revealed by a strong relationship between soil respiration and litterfall P (and litterfall N, to a lesser extent).

Keywords

Fine root Litter quality Nutrient cycling Plant soil interactions Soil respiration Tropical plantations 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank CIRAD-Forêt for permission to conduct research in the Paracou plantations. This research was supported by a FNS program (ACI PNBC) from the French Ministry of Research. We are grateful to Jean-Yves Goret, Audin Patient and Cyril Douthe and all casual workers for assistance with the field measurements. We also thank J-Y. Goret for providing the meteorological data. Finally, we are grateful for the comments of two anonymous reviewers, which greatly improved the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laëtitia Bréchet
    • 1
  • Stéphane Ponton
    • 1
    • 5
  • Jacques Roy
    • 2
  • Vincent Freycon
    • 1
    • 3
  • Marie-Madeleine Coûteaux
    • 2
  • Damien Bonal
    • 1
  • Daniel Epron
    • 4
  1. 1.INRA, UMR Ecologie des Forêts de GuyaneCampus AgronomiqueKourou CedexFrance
  2. 2.CNRSUMR Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et EvolutiveMontpellier Cedex 5France
  3. 3.CIRAD, UPR Dynamique des Forêts NaturellesCampus International de BaillarguetMontpellier Cedex 5France
  4. 4.Université Henri Poincaré Nancy 1, UMR Ecologie et Ecophysiologie ForestièreVandoeuvre-les-Nancy CedexFrance
  5. 5.Forest Ecology and Ecophysiology Unit—UMR EEFNational Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)—Centre de Recherche de NancyChampenouxFrance

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