Genetics of phosphate solubilization and its potential applications for improving plant growth-promoting bacteria
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Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) are soil and rhizosphere bacteria that can benefit plant growth by different mechanisms. The ability of some microorganisms to convert insoluble phosphorus (P) to an accessible form, like orthophosphate, is an important trait in a PGPB for increasing plant yields. In this mini-review, the isolation and characterization of genes involved in mineralization of organic P sources (by the action of enzymes acid phosphatases and phytases), as well as mineral phosphate solubilization, is reviewed. Preliminary results achieved in the engineering of bacterial strains for improving capacity for phosphate solubilization are presented, and application of this knowledge to improving agricultural inoculants is discussed.
Keywordsgenetically modified microorganisms organic acids phosphatases phosphorus solubilization phytases plant growth promoting bacteria
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H.R. received support from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología of Mexico (CONACyT Catedra Patrimonial de Excelencia grant EX-000580). We thank Ira Fogel at CIB for editing the English text.
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