Plant and Soil

, Volume 269, Issue 1–2, pp 119–129 | Cite as

Effect of pH on Na induced Ca deficiency

  • Peter M. Kopittke
  • Neal W. Menzies


Although it is well known that high Na concentrations induce Ca deficiency in acidic conditions, the effect of high pH on this competitive mechanism is not so well understood. The effect of Ca activity ratio (CAR) and pH on the Ca uptake of mungbeans (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek cv. Emerald) and Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana cv. Pioneer) in Na dominated solution cultures and in soil was investigated. Changes in pH in the alkaline range were shown not to affect the critical CAR of 0.024 (corresponding to 90% relative root length) for mungbeans grown in solution culture. Results from soil grown mungbeans confirmed those from solution culture, with a critical CAR of 0.025. A critical CAR of 0.034 was also established for soil grown Rhodes grass. The similarity of critical values established for mungbeans and Rhodes grass in solution culture and soil justifies the use of both solution culture and soil solution measurement as techniques for studying plant growth and limitations across plant species.


bauxite residue calcium deficiency mungbean pH root growth salinity 



calcium activity ratio


completely randomised block design


completely randomised design




electrical conductivity


inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy


triple deionised.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Mined Land RehabilitationUniversity of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia

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