Molecular characterization and expression analysis reveal the roles of Cys2/His2 zinc-finger transcription factors during flower development of Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis

  • Tianqi Lyu
  • Weimiao Liu
  • Ziwei Hu
  • Xun Xiang
  • Tingting Liu
  • Xingpeng Xiong
  • Jiashu CaoEmail author


Key message

Conserved motif, gene structure, expression and interaction analysis of C2H2-ZFPs in Brassica rapa, and identified types of genes may play essential roles in flower development, and BrZFP38 was proved to function in flower development by affecting pollen formation.


Flower development plays a central role in determining the reproduction of higher plants, and Cys2/His2 zinc-finger proteins (C2H2-ZFPs) widely participate in the transcriptional regulation of flower development. C2H2-ZFPs with various structures are the most widespread DNA-binding transcription factors in plants. In this study, conserved protein motif and gene structures were analyzed to investigate systematically the molecular features of Brassica rapa C2H2-ZFP genes. Expression of B. rapa C2H2-ZFPs in multiple tissues showed that more than half of the family members with different types ZFs were expressed in flowers. The specific expression profiles of these C2H2-ZFPs in different B. rapa floral bud stages were further evaluated to identify their potential roles in flower development. Interaction networks were constructed in B. rapa based on the orthology of flower-related C2H2-ZFP genes in Arabidopsis. The putative cis-regulatory elements in the promoter regions of these C2H2-ZFP genes were thoroughly analyzed to elucidate their transcriptional regulation. Results showed that the orthologs of known-function flower-related C2H2-ZFP genes were conserved and differentiated in B. rapa. A C2H2-ZFP was proved to function in B. rapa flower development. Our study provides a systematic investigation of the molecular characteristics and expression profiles of C2H2-ZFPs in B. rapa and promotes further work in function and transcriptional regulation of flower development.


Cys2/His2 zinc-finger proteins Brassica rapa Molecular features Expression profiles Flower development 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31772311) and the Grand Science and Technology Special Project of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2016C02051-6-1).

Author contributions

TL designed all the experiments and wrote this paper. WL, ZH, XX, TL, and XX took part in this work and the manuscript modification. JC is the corresponding author.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Biology, Institute of Vegetable ScienceZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality ImprovementMinistry of AgricultureHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Integrative BiologyHangzhouChina

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