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Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 84, Issue 4–5, pp 415–428 | Cite as

Evidence for phosphorylation of the major seed storage protein of the common bean and its phosphorylation-dependent degradation during germination

  • María López-Pedrouso
  • Jana Alonso
  • Carlos Zapata
Article

Abstract

Phaseolin is the major seed storage protein of common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L., accounting for up to 50 % of the total seed proteome. The regulatory mechanisms responsible for the synthesis, accumulation and degradation of phaseolin in the common bean seed are not yet sufficiently known. Here, we report on a systematic study in dormant and 4-day germinating bean seeds from cultivars Sanilac (S) and Tendergreen (T) to explore the presence and dynamics of phosphorylated phaseolin isoforms. High-resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis in combination with the phosphoprotein-specific Pro-Q Diamond phosphoprotein fluorescent stain and chemical dephosphorylation by hydrogen fluoride–pyridine enabled us to identify differentially phosphorylated phaseolin polypeptides in dormant and germinating seeds from cultivars S and T. Phosphorylated forms of the two subunits of type α and β that compose the phaseolin were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem MS. In addition, we found that the levels of phosphorylation of the phaseolin changed remarkably in the seed transition from dormancy to early germination stage. Temporal changes in the extent of phosphorylation in response to physiological and metabolic variations suggest that phosphorylated phaseolin isoforms have functional significance. In particular, this prospective study supports the hypothesis that mobilization of the phaseolin in germinating seeds occurs through the degradation of highly phosphorylated isoforms. Taken together, our results indicate that post-translational phaseolin modifications through phosphorylations need to be taken into consideration for a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying its regulation.

Keywords

Phaseolin Phaseolusvulgaris Phosphoproteins Post-translational protein modification Seed phosphoproteome Phosphorylation-dependent regulation 

Abbreviations

2-DE

Two-dimensional electrophoresis

ABA

Abscisic acid

GA

Gibberellic acid

HF

Hydrofluoric acid

Mr

Relative molecular mass

MALDI-TOF

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight

MS

Mass spectrometry

P

Pyridine

phas

β-Phaseolin gene

pI

Isoelectric point

PR

Phosphorylation rate

Pro-Q DPS

Pro-Q Diamond phosphoprotein stain

PTM

Post-translational protein modification

S

Sanilac

SSP

Seed storage protein

T

Tendergreen

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported in part by Grant 10PXIB262008PR (Xunta de Galicia, Spain).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11103_2013_141_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1861 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • María López-Pedrouso
    • 1
  • Jana Alonso
    • 2
  • Carlos Zapata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeneticsUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Proteomics LaboratoryCHUSSantiago de CompostelaSpain

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