Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 199–209 | Cite as

AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 regulates cellular differentiation in flowers



During flower development, pluripotent stem cells within the floral meristem give rise to proliferative precursor cells whose progeny eventually acquire specialized functions within each floral organ. The regulatory mechanisms by which plant cells transition from a proliferating state to a differentiated state are not well characterized. Several members of the AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE/PLETHORA (AIL/PLT) transcription factor family, including AINTEGUMENTA (ANT) and AIL6/PLT3, are important regulators of cell proliferation in flowers. To further investigate the role of AIL6 during flower development, we have characterized transgenic plants in which the coding region of AIL6 was expressed under the control of the constitutive 35S promoter (35S:cAIL6). These plants display changes in floral organ size and morphology that are associated with alterations in the pattern and duration of cell divisions within developing organs. In addition, we find that very high levels of AIL6 expression inhibit cellular differentiation. In contrast, ant ail6 double mutants display premature differentiation of floral meristem cells. These results indicate that these two transcription factors regulate both proliferation and differentiation in flowers.


Arabidopsis Flower development Differentiation AP2/ERF AIL/PLT Organogenesis 



We thank Soumitra Ghoshroy and the Electron Microscopy Center staff for advice on the use of the SEM and the ABRC for the F12B17 BAC clone. This work was supported by National Science Foundation (NSF) grant IOS 0922367.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA

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