Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 76, Issue 1–2, pp 171–185 | Cite as

DORNRÖSCHEN-LIKE expression marks Arabidopsis floral organ founder cells and precedes auxin response maxima

  • John William Chandler
  • Bianca Jacobs
  • Melanie Cole
  • Petra Comelli
  • Wolfgang WerrEmail author


Live imaging during floral development revealed that expression of the DORNRÖSCHEN-LIKE (DRNL) gene encoding an AP2-like transcription factor, marks all organ founder cells. Transcription precedes the perception of auxin response maxima as measured by the DR5 reporter and is unaffected in early organogenesis, by mutation of four canonical auxin response elements (AuxREs) in the DRNL promoter. DRNL expression identifies discrete modes of organ initiation in the four floral whorls, from individual or pairs of organ anlagen in the outer whorl of sepals to two morphogenetic fields pre-patterning petals and lateral stamens, or a ring-shaped field giving rise to the medial stamens before carpel primordia are specified. DRNL function only overlaps in the central stem cell zone with that of its paralogue, DORNRÖSCHEN (DRN). drnl mutants are affected in floral organ outgrowth, which functionally interplays with boundary specification as organ fusions are sensitized by loss of CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON (CUC) gene activity, and synergistic interactions exist with mutants in local auxin biosynthesis and polar transport. DRNL apparently monitors and contributes to cellular decisions in the SAM and thus provides a novel molecular access to the interplay of founder cell specification, organ anlage and organogenesis in the SAM peripheral zone.


DORNRÖSCHEN-LIKE Morphogenetic field Floral organ Auxin DR5 CUC 



This project was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through SFB572.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • John William Chandler
    • 1
  • Bianca Jacobs
    • 1
  • Melanie Cole
    • 1
  • Petra Comelli
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Werr
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Developmental Biology, Cologne BiocenterCologne UniversityCologneGermany

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