Differential gene expression of sirtuins between somatotropinomas and nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas
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Sirtuins 1–7 (SIRT) are a highly conserved family of histone deacetylases involved in the regulation of longevity that have a considerable impact in transcription, DNA repair regulation, telomeric stability, cell senescence and apoptosis. In the present study, SIRT1–7 mRNA levels were evaluated in 37 somatotropinomas and 31 nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) using qPCR and relation to tumor size, invasiveness and Ki-67 proliferative index was made. Overexpression of SIRT1 was observed in 86.5% of somatotropinomas versus 41.9% of NFPAs (P < 0.01). SIRT3 was more underexpressed in NFPAs than somatotropinomas (77.4 and 40.5%, respectively, P < 0.01) as well as SIRT4 and SIRT7. Despite the lack of association between sirtuins and invasiveness or Ki-67 index, SIRT1 and SIRT3 expressions were related to tumor size. Mean of the largest diameter was smaller in adenomas with SIRT1 overexpression than with normal expression (P < 0.01) and SIRT3 underexpression was associated with larger tumors (P < 0.01). In conclusion, a pronounced difference in sirtuins expression was identified between pituitary adenomas, suggesting that these genes are potential markers of pituitary adenomas and could be employed in the characterization of somatotropinomas and NFPAs. The role of sirtuins in pathogenesis of pituitary tumors merits further investigation and possibly will provide new molecular insight about their progression.
KeywordsSirtuins Histone deacetylases Senescence Somatotropinomas NFPA Tumor marker
Special thanks to Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior/CAPES for the scholarship (IPPG).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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