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Pituitary

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 70–75 | Cite as

Complications of acromegaly: thyroid and colon

  • Amit Tirosh
  • Ilan Shimon
Article

Abstract

Introduction

In acromegaly the long-term exposure to high growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels may result in specific complications in different human organs, including the thyroid gland and the colon.

Materials and Methods

We will review here the evidence available regarding the characteristic thyroid and colon complications in acromegaly.

Results

This review summarizes the published data observing noncancerous structural abnormalities (thyroid nodules, colonic polyps) and thyroid and colon cancer in patients diagnosed with acromegaly.

Conclusion

Thyroid micro-carcinomas are probably over-diagnosed among acromegalic patients. In regard to colon cancer, there is no sufficient data to suggest that colon cancer risk is higher in acromegaly compared to the general population.

Keywords

Acromegaly Colon Thyroid 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Amit Tirosh has no conflicts of interest to declare. Ilan Shimon has received research grants, consulting and lectureship fees from Novartis and Pfizer.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Endocrinology, Beilinson HospitalRabin Medical CenterPetah TikvaIsrael
  2. 2.Sackler Faculty of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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