, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 68–77 | Cite as

Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery: surgical results of 228 pituitary adenomas treated in a pituitary center

  • Jackson A. GondimEmail author
  • Michele Schops
  • João Paulo C. de Almeida
  • Lucas Alverne F. de Albuquerque
  • Erika Gomes
  • Tânia Ferraz
  • Francisca Andréa C. Barroso


Pituitary tumors are challenging tumors in the sellar region. Surgical approaches to the pituitary have undergone numerous refinements over the last 100 years. The introduction of the endoscope have revolutionized pituitary surgery. The aim of this study is to report the results of a consecutive series of patients undergoing pituitary surgery using a pure endoscopic endonasal approach and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this procedure. We reviewed the data of 228 consecutive patients who underwent endonasal transsphenoidal adenoma removal over an 10-year period. Pre- and post-operative hormonal status (at least 3 months after surgery) were analyzed and compared with clinical parameters presented by the patients. Tumor removal rate, endocrinological outcomes, and complications were retrospectively assessed in 228 patients with pituitary adenomas who underwent 251 procedures between December 1998 and December 2007. There were 93 nonfunctioning adenomas, 58 growth hormone-secreting, 41 prolactin-secreting, 28 adrenocorticotropin hormone secreting, 7 FSH-LH secreting and 1 thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting adenomas. Gross total removal was achieved in 79.3% of the cases after a median follow-up of 61.5 months. The remission results for patients with nonfunctioning adenomas was 83% and for functioning adenomas were 76.3% (70.6% for GH hormone-secreting, 85.3% for prolactin hormone-secreting, 71.4% for ACTH hormone-secreting, 85.7% for FSH-LH hormone-secreting and 100% for TSH hormone-secreting), with no recurrence at the time of the last follow-up. Post-operative complications were present in 35 (13.9%) cases. The most frequent complications were temporary and permanent diabetes insipidus (six and two cases, respectively), syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (two cases) and CSF leaks (eight cases). There was no death related to the procedure in this series. The endoscopic endonasal approach for resection of pituitary adenomas, provides acceptable results representing a safe alternative procedure to the microscopic approach. This less invasive method, associated with a small number of complications, provides excellent tumor removal rates and represents an important tool for the achievement of good results in the pituitary surgery, mainly for the complete removal of large adenomas.


Endoscopic surgery Endonasal Transsphenoidal surgery Pituitary adenoma 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jackson A. Gondim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michele Schops
    • 2
  • João Paulo C. de Almeida
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lucas Alverne F. de Albuquerque
    • 1
    • 2
  • Erika Gomes
    • 3
  • Tânia Ferraz
    • 4
  • Francisca Andréa C. Barroso
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryGeneral Hospital of FortalezaFortalezaBrazil
  2. 2.School of MedicineFederal University of CearaFortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Ear, Nose and Throat SurgeryGeneral Hospital of FortalezaFortalezaBrazil
  4. 4.Department of EndocrinologyGeneral Hospital of FortalezaFortalezaBrazil

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