Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 59–65 | Cite as

Genetic engineering of carotenoid formation in tomato

  • Eugenia M. A. Enfissi
  • Paul D. Fraser
  • Peter M. Bramley
Original Paper


The health promoting and aesthetic qualities of carotenoids have triggered considerable interest in enhancing their levels in crop plants, particularly in fruits and vegetables. One of the main crops of choice is the tomato, since it is readily available in both fresh and processed produce. There are several reports of the use of genetic engineering to increase levels of lycopene and \(\upbeta\)-carotene in ripe fruit. This review will highlight the strategies used to achieve these goals by comparing the use of different genes from plants and microorganisms as well as the choice of promoters.


Carotenoids Isoprenoids Genetic modification Biosynthesis Metabolic regulation 


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Financial support from the EU-FPIV (BI04 CT 97-2077), EU-FPV (QLK3-CT2000-0809) and UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council is gratefully acknowledged. Wolfgang Schuch, Albert Boronat and Luisa-Maria Lois are thanked for their input, as is Syngenta.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugenia M. A. Enfissi
    • 1
  • Paul D. Fraser
    • 1
  • Peter M. Bramley
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Biological Sciences, Royal HollowayUniversity of LondonEgham, SurreyUK

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