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Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 4, Issue 2–3, pp 111–137 | Cite as

Saponins in Tribulus terrestris – Chemistry and Bioactivity

  • I. KostovaEmail author
  • D. Dinchev
Article

Abstract

Tribulus terrestris is a valuable herb known for its application in the folk medicine in many parts of the world. Furostanol and spirostanol saponins of tigogenin, neotigogenin, gitogenin, neogitogenin, hecogenin, neohecogenin, diosgenin, chlorogenin, ruscogenin and sarsasapogenin type are frequently found in this plant. Four sulphated saponins of tigogenin and diosgenin type are also isolated. Extracts and steroidal saponins have been found to possess various pharmacological activities. Preparations based on the saponin fraction of T. terrestris are used for treatment of infertility and libido disorders in men and women, as well as for treatment of cardiac diseases. Food supplements containing T. terrestris extracts are on sale in USA and Europe with claim of a general stimulating action.

Key words

biological activity furostanol saponins spirostanol saponins steroidal saponins Tribulus terrestris 

Abbreviations

Au

Australia

Az

Azerbeidjan

Bg

Bulgaria

Ch

China

In

India

M

Moldova

R

Romania

SA

South Africa

T

Turkey

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Organic Chemistry with Center of PhytochemistryBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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