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Photosynthetica

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 750–762 | Cite as

Ameliorative role of salicylic acid and spermidine in the presence of excess salt in Lycopersicon esculentum

  • Q. FariduddinEmail author
  • T. A. Khan
  • M. Yusuf
  • S. T. Aafaqee
  • R. R. A. E. Khalil
Article
  • 299 Downloads

Abstract

Salicylic acid (SA) and polyamines (PA) are widely used to overcome various abiotic stresses including salt (NaCl) stress in plants. In the present investigation, co-application efficacies of SA and PA on the salt stress (200 mM NaCl) were evaluated in Lycopersicon esculentum. After transplantation, at 10-d stage, seedlings were exposed to NaCl through soil and then allowed to grow till 30-d stage. At 31-d stage of growth, plants were sprayed with double distilled water (control) or spermidine (1.0 mM) and/or SA (10–5 M). The salt stress significantly reduced the growth, gas-exchange parameters, but increased antioxidant enzymes and proline content in the leaves. Moreover, the loss caused by salt stress was successfully restored by the following treatment of spermidine and SA.

Additional key words

abiotic stress antioxidant photosynthesis proline 

Abbreviations

Ci

intercellular CO2 concentration

CA

carbonic anhydrase

CAT

catalase

Chl

chlorophyll

DAS

days after sowing

DDW

double distilled water

DM

dry mass

FM

fresh mass

gs

stomatal conductance

LSD

least significant difference

NR

nitrate reductase

PA

polyamines

POX

peroxidase

PN

net photosynthetic rate

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SA

salicylic acid

Spd

spermidine

SOD

superoxide dismutase

SPAD

soil and plant analysis development

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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Q. Fariduddin
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. A. Khan
    • 1
  • M. Yusuf
    • 1
  • S. T. Aafaqee
    • 1
  • R. R. A. E. Khalil
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Section, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceBenha UniversityBenhaEgypt

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