, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 698–704

Photosynthetic apparatus activity in relation to high and low contents of cell wall-bound phenolics in triticale under drought stress

Original papers


Cell wall-bound phenolics (CWP) play an important role in the mechanisms of plant acclimation to soil drought. The study involved CWP analyses in 50 strains and 50 doubled haploid (DH) lines of winter triticale exposed to drought at their vegetative and generative stages. CWP in the plants experiencing drought at the generative stage positively correlated with their leaf water contents. The strains and DH lines characterized by high content of CWP showed higher leaf water content and higher activity of photosynthetic apparatus when exposed to drought at the generative stage compared to the strains and DH lines with the low CWP content. Furthermore, when drought subsided at the generative stage, the strains and DH lines richer in CWP demonstrated higher regeneration potential and their grain yield loss was smaller.

Additional key words

chlorophyll fluorescence doubled haploids leaf water content strains × Triticosecale Witt. yield 



light energy absorption




cell wall-bound phenolics


leaf cross-section


doubled haploid


energy amount dissipated from PSII


amount of energy used for the electron transport


quantum yield of PSII


high content of cell wall-bound phenolics


low content of cell wall-bound phenolics


leaf dry mass


leaf water content


leaf fresh mass


medium content of cell wall-bound phenolics


overall performance index of PSII photochemistry

\({Q_{{A^ - }}}\)

plastochinone A


number of active reaction centers


soluble phenolics


amount of excitation energy trapped in PSII reaction centers


efficiency with which an electron can move from the reduced intersystem electron acceptors to PSI end electron acceptors


quantum yield of electron transport from \({Q_{{A^ - }}}\) to PSI end electron acceptors


leaf osmotic potential


probability, at time 0, that a trapped exciton moves an electron into the electron transport chain beyond \({Q_{{A^ - }}}\)


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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, Department of Plant PhysiologyUniversity of Agriculture in KrakówKrakówPoland
  2. 2.The Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant PhysiologyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland

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