Photosynthetica

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 581–588 | Cite as

Relationship of photosynthetic efficiency and seed-setting rate in two contrasting rice cultivars under chilling stress

  • L.-Z. Wang
  • L.-M. Wang
  • H.-T. Xiang
  • Y. Luo
  • R. Li
  • Z.-J. Li
  • C.-Y. Wang
  • Y. Meng
Original papers

Abstract

Low temperature during the vegetative stage affects rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed-setting rate in Heilongjiang province at Northeast China. However, little is known about changes of the photosynthetic rate and physiological response in contrasting rice cultivars during chilling periods. In this study, two rice cultivars with different chilling tolerance were treated with 15°C from June 27 to July 7. The chilling-susceptive cultivar, Longjing11 (LJ11), showed a significant decrease in a ripening rate and seed-setting rate after being treated for four days, whilst chilling-tolerant cultivar, Kongyu131 (KY131), was only slightly affected after 4-d treatment. The photosynthetic activities, chlorophyll contents, and antioxidative enzyme activities in LJ11 decreased significantly along with the chilling treatment. The decrease in ß-carotene contents might play a role as it could cause direct photooxidation of chlorophylls and lead to the inhibition of the photosynthetic apparatus. In the meantime, no significant damage was found in leaves of KY131 from June 27 to July 11. In conclusion, the chilling-tolerance mechanism of rice is tightly related to the photosynthetic rate, metabolism of reactive oxygen species, and scavenging system in the vegetative stage.

Additional key words

abscisic acid chlorophyll fluorescence malondialdehyde peroxidase proline superoxide dismutase 

Abbreviations

ABA

abscisic acid

Chl

chlorophyll

ETR

electron transport rate

F0

minimal fluorescence level in dark-adapted leaves

F0'

minimal fluorescence level in light-adapted leaves

Fm

maximal fluorescence level in dark-adapted leaves

Fm'

maximal fluorescence level in light-adapted leaves

Fv

variable fluorescence level in dark-adapted leaves

Fv'

variable fluorescence level in light-adapted leaves

Fv/Fm

maximal efficiency of PSII photochemistry

Fv'/Fm'

efficiency of excitation energy capture by open PSII reaction centers

KY131

chilling tolerant cv.

LJ11

chilling-susceptible cv.

MDA

malondialdehyde

NBT

nitroblue tetrazolium

NPQ

nonphotochemical quenching

POD

peroxidase

qP

photochemical quenching coefficient

SOD

superoxide dismutase

ß-Car

ß-carotene

ФPSII

actual photochemical efficiency of PSII

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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • L.-Z. Wang
    • 1
  • L.-M. Wang
    • 1
  • H.-T. Xiang
    • 1
  • Y. Luo
    • 1
  • R. Li
    • 1
  • Z.-J. Li
    • 1
  • C.-Y. Wang
    • 1
  • Y. Meng
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Tillage and Cultivation InstituteHeilongjiang Academy of Agricultural SciencesHarbin HeilongjiangChina

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