, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 581–588 | Cite as

Relationship of photosynthetic efficiency and seed-setting rate in two contrasting rice cultivars under chilling stress

  • L.-Z. Wang
  • L.-M. Wang
  • H.-T. Xiang
  • Y. Luo
  • R. Li
  • Z.-J. Li
  • C.-Y. Wang
  • Y. Meng
Original papers


Low temperature during the vegetative stage affects rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed-setting rate in Heilongjiang province at Northeast China. However, little is known about changes of the photosynthetic rate and physiological response in contrasting rice cultivars during chilling periods. In this study, two rice cultivars with different chilling tolerance were treated with 15°C from June 27 to July 7. The chilling-susceptive cultivar, Longjing11 (LJ11), showed a significant decrease in a ripening rate and seed-setting rate after being treated for four days, whilst chilling-tolerant cultivar, Kongyu131 (KY131), was only slightly affected after 4-d treatment. The photosynthetic activities, chlorophyll contents, and antioxidative enzyme activities in LJ11 decreased significantly along with the chilling treatment. The decrease in ß-carotene contents might play a role as it could cause direct photooxidation of chlorophylls and lead to the inhibition of the photosynthetic apparatus. In the meantime, no significant damage was found in leaves of KY131 from June 27 to July 11. In conclusion, the chilling-tolerance mechanism of rice is tightly related to the photosynthetic rate, metabolism of reactive oxygen species, and scavenging system in the vegetative stage.

Additional key words

abscisic acid chlorophyll fluorescence malondialdehyde peroxidase proline superoxide dismutase 



abscisic acid




electron transport rate


minimal fluorescence level in dark-adapted leaves


minimal fluorescence level in light-adapted leaves


maximal fluorescence level in dark-adapted leaves


maximal fluorescence level in light-adapted leaves


variable fluorescence level in dark-adapted leaves


variable fluorescence level in light-adapted leaves


maximal efficiency of PSII photochemistry


efficiency of excitation energy capture by open PSII reaction centers


chilling tolerant cv.


chilling-susceptible cv.




nitroblue tetrazolium


nonphotochemical quenching




photochemical quenching coefficient


superoxide dismutase




actual photochemical efficiency of PSII


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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • L.-Z. Wang
    • 1
  • L.-M. Wang
    • 1
  • H.-T. Xiang
    • 1
  • Y. Luo
    • 1
  • R. Li
    • 1
  • Z.-J. Li
    • 1
  • C.-Y. Wang
    • 1
  • Y. Meng
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Tillage and Cultivation InstituteHeilongjiang Academy of Agricultural SciencesHarbin HeilongjiangChina

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