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Photosynthetica

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 185–192 | Cite as

Investigation of deleterious effects of chromium phytotoxicity and photosynthesis in wheat plant

  • S. Mathur
  • H. M. Kalaji
  • A. Jajoo
Open Access
Original papers

Abstract

Increasing human and industrial activities lead to heavy metal pollution. Heavy metal chromium (Cr) is considered to be a serious environmental contaminant for the biota. Phytotoxic effects of Cr were studied in wheat plants. Growth parameters were largely inhibited as a result of disturbances in the plant cell metabolism in response to Cr toxicity. Chromium toxicity led to decline in a number of active reaction centres of PSII, rate of electron transport, and change in PSII heterogeneity. Chromium did not cause any change in heterogeneity of the reducing side. A significant change in antenna size heterogeneity of PSII occurred in response to Cr toxicity. Chromium seems to have extensive effects on the light harvesting complex of PSII.

Additional key words

Chl a fluorescence growth photosystem II PSII heterogeneity wheat 

Abbreviations

ABS

absorption

Chl a

chlorophyll a

CS

cross section

DCMU

3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea

Di0

dissipation

DM

dry mass

ET0

electron transport

F0

initial fluorescence

FM

maximum fluorescence

FM

fresh mass

FV

variable fluorescence

HM

heavy metal

OJ, JI, IP

phases of Chl a fluorescence induction curve

PEA

plant efficiency analyser

PQ

plastoquinone

RC

reaction centre

TR0

trapping

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Copyright information

© The Authors 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life ScienceDevi Ahilya UniversityIndoreIndia
  2. 2.Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW)WarsawPoland

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