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Photosynthetica

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 359–366 | Cite as

Diminution of photosynthesis in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings under elevated CO2 concentration and increased temperature

  • S. Panigrahi
  • M. K. Pradhan
  • D. K. Panda
  • S. K. Panda
  • P. N. Joshi
Original papers

Abstract

The photosynthetic responses to elevated CO2 concentration (EC) at ambient and ambient +4°C temperature were aßsessed in the second leaf of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. The duration of different leaf developmental phases, as characterised by changes in photosynthetic pigment contents and photochemical potential, was protracted in the seedlings grown under EC. On the other hand, a temporal shift in the phases of development with an early onset of senescence was observed in the seedlings grown under EC at ambient +4°C temperature. The contents of carotenoids, ß-carotene, and xanthophyll cycle pigments revealed that EC downregulated the protective mechanism of photosynthetic apparatus against oxidative damages, whereas this mechanism assumed higher significance under EC at ambient +4°C temperature. We observed an enhancement in electron transport activity, photochemical potential, and net photosynthesis in spite of a loss in photostasis of photosynthesis under EC. On the other hand, the loss in photostasis of photosynthesis was exacerbated under EC at ambient +4°C temperature due to the decline in electron transport activity, photochemical potential, and net photosynthesis.

Additional key words

chlorophyll fluorescence gas exchange intrinsic water-use efficiency lutein violaxanthin zeaxanthin 

Abbreviations

A

antheraxanthin

ACT

ambient CO2 under ambient temperature

Car

carotenoids

Chl

chlorophyll

CS

cross section

DAE

days of the experiment

DI

dissipation

EC

elevated CO2 concentration

ET

ambient temperature +4°C

Fm

maximum fluorescence

Fv

variable fluorescence

gs

stomatal conductance

HPLC

high performance liquid chromatography

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change

Lut

lutein

MDA

malondialdehyde

PN

net photosynthetic rate

PSA

photosynthetic apparatus

ROS

reactive oxygen species

V

violaxanthin

WUEi

intrinsic water-use efficiency

Z

zeaxanthin

ß-Car

ß-carotene

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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Panigrahi
    • 1
  • M. K. Pradhan
    • 1
  • D. K. Panda
    • 2
  • S. K. Panda
    • 3
  • P. N. Joshi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biophysics and BiochemistryAnchal College, Padampur, P.O.: Rajborasambar, Dist: BargarhOdishaIndia
  2. 2.Women’s College, Padampur, P.O.: Rajborasambar, Dist: BargarhOdishaIndia
  3. 3.Royal College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Berhamapur, P.O.: Berhamapur, Dist: GanjamOdishaIndia

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