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Photosynthetica

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 583–592 | Cite as

Role of cyanide-resistant respiration during light-induced attraction of predators to herbivore-infested leaves

  • H. Q. Feng
  • K. Sun
  • Y. Wei
  • R. F. Wang
  • L. Y. Jia
  • J. P. Zhang
  • Y. Li
Original Papers

Abstract

The present work showed that spider mite-infested leaves placed in the light were more attractive to predatory mites than the infested leaves placed in the dark; furthermore, an increase in the light intensity enhanced this attractiveness. However, the increase of the light intensity did not change the attractiveness of the uninfested leaves to predatory mites. The capacity of cyanide-resistant respiration and the photosynthetic rates of both the infested and uninfested leaves increased with increasing light intensities, whereas the photosystem (PS) II chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence decreased. The increase of the capacity of cyanide-resistant respiration in the infested leaves was more dramatic than that in the uninfested leaves, whereas the values of photosynthetic rates and Chl fluorescence were lower in the infested leaves than those in the uninfested leaves. Treatment of the infested and uninfested leaves with 1 mM salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM, an inhibitor of cyanide-resistant respiration) decreased photosynthetic rates and caused further reductions in PSII fluorescence, especially under a higher light intensity. In contrast, the effects of SHAM on PSII fluorescence parameters and photosynthetic rates of the infested leaves were more dramatic than on those of the uninfested leaves. The treatment with SHAM did not significantly change the attractiveness of the infested or uninfested leaves to the predatory mites under all of the light intensities tested. These results indicated that cyanide-resistant respiration was not directly associated with the light-induced attraction of predators to plants, but it could play a role in the protection of photosynthesis. Such role might become relatively more important when photosynthesis is impaired by herbivores infestation.

Additional key words

cyanide-resistant respiration herbivore attack light photosynthesis predatory mites 

Abbreviations

AOX

alternative oxidase

D

dark

L

low-light treatment

H

high-light treatment

HEPES

4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid

HIPVs

herbivore-induced plant volatiles

IL

infested leaves

F0

minimal fluorescence of the light-adapted state

Fm

light-adapted maximum fluorescence yield

Fq′/Fm

the PSII operating efficiency

Fq′/Fv

PSII efficiency factor

Fv′/Fm

PSII maximum efficiency

Fs

fluorescence yield at the steady-state photosynthesis

KCN

potassium cyanide

PSII

photosystem II

PAR

photosynthetically active radiation

PN

photosynthetic rate

SD

standard deviation

SHAM

salicylhydroxamic acid

Valt

capacity of cyanide-resistant respiration

Vt

total respiration rate

UL

uninfested leaves

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life ScienceNorthwest Normal UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNorthwest Normal UniversityLanzhouChina

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