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Photosynthetica

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 483–489 | Cite as

Effects of exogenous nitric oxide on photosynthesis

  • D. Procházková
  • D. Haisel
  • N. Wilhelmová
  • D. Pavlíková
  • J. Száková
Review

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signalling molecule with diverse physiological functions in plants. In plant cell, it is synthesised in several metabolic ways either enzymatically or nonenzymatically. Due to its high reactivity, it could be also cytotoxic in dependence on concentration. Such effects could be also mediated by NO-derived compounds. However, the role of NO in photosynthetic apparatus arrangement and in photosynthetic performance is poorly understood as indicated by a number of studies in this field with often conflicting results. This review brings a short survey of the role of exogenous NO in photosynthesis under physiological and stressful conditions, particularly of its effect on parameters of chlorophyll fluorescence.

Additional key words

chlorophyll fluorescence chloroplast nitration nitrotyrosine 

Abbreviations

Arg

arginine

DAF-2DA

diaminofluorescein diacetate

Chl

chlorophyll

Fv/Fm

maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry

Fv

variable fluorescence

GSNO

S-nitrosoglutathione

L-NNA

(Nω-nitro-L-arginine)

NOS

nitric oxide synthase

NPQ

nonphotochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching

PBIT

S,S′-1,3-phenylene-bis(1,2-ethanediyl)-bisisothiourea

PS

photosystem

qE

energy dependent quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence

qN

nonphotochemical quenching of Fv

qp

photochemical quenching of Fv

RNS

reactive nitrogen species

Rubisco

ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase

SNAP

S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine

SNP

sodium nitroprusside

ϕPSII

effective quantum yield of photochemical energy conversion in PSII

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Procházková
    • 1
  • D. Haisel
    • 1
  • N. Wilhelmová
    • 1
  • D. Pavlíková
    • 2
  • J. Száková
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Agroenvironmental Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural ResourcesCzech University of Life Sciences PraguePrague 6Czech Republic

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