Advertisement

Photosynthetica

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 143–146 | Cite as

Growth, photosynthetic and biochemical responses of tea cultivars infected with various diseases

  • P. PonmuruganEmail author
  • U. I. Baby
  • R. Rajkumar
Brief Communication

Abstract

Under natural and greenhouse conditions we found a significant reduction in the physiological and biochemical constituents in leaves of five disease types when compared to healthy ones. The growth characteristics such as height, dry mass, photosynthetic and transpiration rates, stomatal conductance, and water use efficiency were reduced significantly more in susceptible cv. TRI-2024 than in tolerant cv. TRI-2025. Also contents of total sugars, nitrogen, amino acids, proteins, polyphenols, and catechin were reduced in diseased plant leaves. However, the reduction was more prominent in susceptible than tolerant cultivar. Canker size and barker moisture content were larger in the susceptible cultivar than in the tolerant cultivar.

Additional key words

Camellia sinensis dry mass growth photosynthesis polyphenols stomatal conductance sugars transpiration 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AOAC: Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Vol. 1 & 2. 15th Ed.-AOAC, Gaithersburg 1990.Google Scholar
  2. Baby, U.I.: Diseases of tea and their management — a review.-In: Trivedi, P.C. (ed.): Plant Pathology. Pp. 315–327. Pointer Publication, Jaipur 2001.Google Scholar
  3. Barman, T.S., Saikia, J.K.: Retention and allocation of 14C assimilates by maintenance leaves and harvest index of tea (Camellia sinensis L.).-Photosynthetica 43: 283–287, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bier, J.E.: The relation of bark moisture to the development of canker diseases caused by native, facultative parasites: I. Cryptodiaporthe canker on willow.-Can. J. Bot. 37: 229–238, 1959.Google Scholar
  5. Bier, J.E.: The relation of some bark factors to canker susceptibility.-Phytopathology 54: 250–275, 1964.Google Scholar
  6. Bray, H.C., Thorpe, W.V.: Analysis of phenolic compounds of interests in metabolism.-Meth. biochem. Analysis 1: 27–52, 1954.Google Scholar
  7. Chen, Z.M., Chen, X.F.: [The Diagnosis of Tea Diseases and Their Control.]-Shanghai sci. tech. Publ., Shanghai 1990. [In Chinese.]Google Scholar
  8. Chowdappa, P., Balasimha, D.: Non-stomatal inhibition of photosynthesis in areca nut palms affected with yellow leaf disease.-Indian Phytopath. 45: 312–315, 1992.Google Scholar
  9. Dhillon, W.S., Bindra, A.S., Kapoor, S.P.: Some biochemical changes induced in powdery mildew infected grape vine leaves.-Plant Disase Rep. 7: 248–250, 1992.Google Scholar
  10. Dubois, M., Gills, K.A., Hamilton, J.K., Rebers, P.A., Smith, F.: Sugar estimation by phenol-sulphuric acid method.-Anal. Chem. 26: 350, 1956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Folch, J., Less, M., Sloane, S.G.H.: A simple method for isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues.-J. biol. Chem. 226. 497–509, 1957.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hajra, G.N.: Tea Cultivation. Comprehensive Treatise.-International Book Distributing Company, Lucknow 2001.Google Scholar
  13. Hegde, Y.R., Anahosur, K.H.: Effect of false smut of rice as yield compounds and growth parameters.-Indian Phytopathol. 53: 356–184, 2000.Google Scholar
  14. Igoe, M.I., Peterson, N.C., Roberts, D.L.: A Phomopsis canker associated with branch die-back of Colorado blue spruce in Michigan.-Plant Disease 79: 202–205, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kaur, G., Mehrotra, R.S.: Biochemical studies in pigeon pea varieties resistant and susceptible to Phytophthora blight.-Plant Disease Res. 5: 122–125, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L., Randall, R.J.: Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent.-J. biol. Chem. 193: 265–275, 1951.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Maskina, M.S., Meelu, O.P., Roberts, D.L.: Effect of organic and inorganic manuring on rice nurseries.-Inst. Rice Res. Newslett. 9: 23–24, 1984.Google Scholar
  18. Mc Cready, R.M., Guggolz, J., Silviera, V., Owens, H.S.: Determination of starch and amylose in vegetables.-Anal. Chem. 22: 1156–1158, 1950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Michael, K.J.: Rate of photosynthesis in coconut palm affected by root wilt disease.-Placrosym 1: 372, 1978.Google Scholar
  20. Moore, S., Stein, W.H.: Photometric method for use in the chromatography of amino acids.-J. biol. Chem. 170: 367–388, 1948.Google Scholar
  21. Muraleedharan, N., Chen, Z.M.: Pests and diseases of tea and their management.-J. Plantation Crops 25: 15–43, 1997.Google Scholar
  22. Naqvi, S.A.M.H.: Possible role phenolics and reducing sugars in stem gall of coriander.-Plant Disease Res. 2: 73–76, 1987.Google Scholar
  23. Nooji, M.P., Vender, H.A.: Phomopsis subordinoria and associated stalk disease in natural populations of Plantago lanceolata.-Can. J. Bot. 65: 2318–2325, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Packer, B.W.P., Leach, K.T., Hill, R.R.: Growth and physiological response of resistant alfalfa clones infected by Verticillium albo-atrum.-Phytopathology 80: 1247–1253, 1990.Google Scholar
  25. Parker, P.E., Ramsdell, D.C.: Epidemiology and chemical control of Phomopsis canker of highbush blueberry.-Phytopathology 67: 1481–1484, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ponmurugan, P.: Studies on Phomopsis theae Petch Infecting Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) in South India.-Ph.D. Thesis. Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 2002.Google Scholar
  27. Ponmurugan, P., Baby, U.I., Premkumar, R.: Physiological response of tea plants infected with Phomopsis theae, the collar canker pathogen.-In: Rethinam, P., Khan, H.H., Reddy, V.M., Mandal, P.K., Suresh, K. (ed.): Plantation Crops Research and Development in the New Millennium. Pp. 592–594. Coconut Develpment Board Publ., Kochi 2002.Google Scholar
  28. Prasad, B.K., Singh, R.N., Narayan, N.: Biochemical changes in nitrogen and carbohydrates in coriander infected with Protomyces macrosporos.-Indian Phytopathol. 42: 426–430, 1989.Google Scholar
  29. Rajalakshmi, N., Ramarethinam, S.: The role of Exobasidium vexans Massee in flavanoid synthesis by Camellia assamica Shneider.-J. Plantation Crops 28: 19–29, 2000.Google Scholar
  30. Sathyanarayana, G., Barua, G.C.S.: Leaf and stem diseases of tea in north east India with reference to recent advances in control measures.-J. Plantation Crops 11: 27–31, 1983.Google Scholar
  31. Sindham, G.S., Jaglan, B.S., Parashar, R.D.: Changes in phenols and carbohydrates in resistant and susceptible cultivars of groundnut in relation to tikka disease.-Plant Disease Res. 2: 100–101, 1987.Google Scholar
  32. Swain, T., Hillis, W.E.: The phenolic constituents of Prunus domestica I. The quantitative analysis of phenolic constituents.-J. Sci. Food Agr. 10: 63–68, 1959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Venkata Ram, C.S.: Influence of genetic factors and cultural practices on Phomopsis canker disease of tea.-UPASI Bull. 30: 5–17, 1973.Google Scholar
  34. Zheng, W.Y., Xun, L.Y., Oiming, Z.H.Y.: Screening of fungicides to Phomopsis asparagi.-Acta agr. zhejiangensis 7: 457–463, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany, ASCR 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UPASI Tea Research FoundationTea Research InstituteCoimbatore District, TNIndia
  2. 2.School of BiotechnologyK.S. Rangasamy College of Technology, TiruchengodeNamakkal District, TNIndia

Personalised recommendations