Sense, reference and substitution

  • Jeremy Goodman
  • Harvey LedermanEmail author


We show that, contrary to conventional wisdom, Frege’s distinction between sense and reference does not reconcile a classical logic of identity with apparent counterexamples to it involving proper names embedded under propositional attitude verbs.


Sense Reference Substitution Frege’s puzzle Frege Attitude reports 



Thanks to Dave Chalmers, Cian Dorr, Kyle Landrum, Robbie Williams, Jack Woods and especially an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on earlier drafts of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  2. 2.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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