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Philosophical Studies

, Volume 175, Issue 8, pp 1851–1870 | Cite as

Preferences, reasoning errors, and resource egalitarianism

  • Alexandru VolacuEmail author
Article
  • 215 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper I aim to examine some problematic implications of the fact that individuals are prone to making systematic reasoning errors, for resource egalitarianism. I begin by disentangling the concepts of preferences, choices and ambitions, which are sometimes used interchangeably by egalitarians. Subsequently, I claim that the most plausible interpretation of resource egalitarianism takes preferences, not choices, as the site of responsibility. This distinction is salient, since preference-sensitive resource egalitarianism is faced with an important objection when applied to situations in which the empirically reasonable assumption that individuals have different degrees of computational abilities is introduced. I first show that this objection can be raised in cases involving individuals who have incomplete information, but that it ultimately fails for such cases since we can appeal to higher order insurance markets in order to mitigate any initial concerns. I further claim, however, that the objection is much more powerful in cases involving individuals who have different reasoning skills, since the appeal to higher order insurance markets is no longer tenable. Consequently, the ideal principle of justice proposed by Dworkin is met with a new feasibility challenge. Finally, I claim that the problem of reasoning errors and various forms of cognitive biases also affect Dworkin’s non-ideal principle of justice, skewing the outputs of the hypothetical insurance mechanism in an unjustifiable manner.

Keywords

Cognitive biases Incomplete information Insurance Reasoning errors Resource egalitarianism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank Matej Cibik, Pietro Intropi, Adrian Miroiu, Kasper Ossenblok, Tom Parr, Adam Slavny, Zofia Stemplowska and two anonymous reviewers for written comments on earlier versions of this paper. I am also grateful to an audience at the University of Warwick, where a previous draft was presented, for insightful discussions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of Political Science and Public Administration (SNSPA Bucharest)BucharestRomania

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