Advertisement

Philosophical Studies

, Volume 174, Issue 7, pp 1735–1748 | Cite as

Transformation emergence, enactive co-emergence, and the causal exclusion problem

  • Richard WuEmail author
Article

Abstract

In The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness and the First-Person Stance (Oxford University Press 2012), Jonardon Ganeri draws on the ancient Indian Cārvāka philosophy to delineate a “transformation” account of strong emergence, and argues that the account adequately addresses the well-known “causal exclusion problem” formulated by Kim (Supervenience and mind. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993; Mind in a physical world: an essay on the mind-body problem and mental causation. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1998; Philos Stud 95:3–36, 1999; Synthese 151:547–559, 2006). Ganeri moreover suggests that the transformation account is superior to the enactive account of emergence, developed by Francisco Varela and Evan Thompson (Varela et al. in Embodied mind: cognitive science and human experience. MIT Press, Cambridge, 1991; Thompson and Varela in Trends Cogn Sci 5:418–425, 2001; Thompson in Mind in life: biology, phenomenology, and the sciences of mind. Belknap Press, Cambridge, 2007) for the latter merely “sidesteps” the exclusion problem (Ganeri in The self: naturalism, consciousness, and the first-person stance. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2012: ch. 4, footnote 9). In this commentary, presented in an “author meets critics” panel at the Pacific APA 2016, I suggest that, contrary to Ganeri’s claim, the enactive account does not merely sidestep the causal exclusion problem—the response the enactive account can offer is actually highly similar to the response offered by the transformation account.

Keywords

Emergence Cārvāka Enactivism Mind Causation 

References

  1. Dretske, F. (1993). Mental events as structuring causes of behavior. In J. Heil & A. Mele (Eds.), Mental causation (pp. 121–136). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  2. Dupré, J. (1993). The disorder of things. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ganeri, J. (2011). Emergence, ancient and modern. Mind, 120(479), 671–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ganeri, J. (2012). The self: Naturalism, consciousness, and the first-person stance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hattiangadi, J. (2005). The emergence of minds in space and time. In D. M. Johnson & C. Ernelling (Eds.), The minds as a scientific object: Between brain and culture (pp. 79–100). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Humphreys, P. (1997). Emergence, not supervenience. Philosophy of Science, 64, 337–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Juarrero, A. (1999). Dynamics in action. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  8. Kim, J. (1993). Supervenience and mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kim, J. (1998). Mind in a physical world: An essay on the mind-body problem and mental causation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press).Google Scholar
  10. Kim, J.  (1999). Making sense of emergence. Philosophical Studies, 95, 3–36. Repr. in Bedau and Humphreys (2008: 127–54).Google Scholar
  11. Kim, J. (2006). Emergence: Core ideas and issues. Synthese, 151(3), 547–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kronz, F., & Tiehen, J. (2002). Emergence and quantum mechanics. Philosophy of Science, 69(2), 324–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. O’Connor, T., & Wong, H. Y. (2012). Emergent properties, In N. Z. Edward (Ed.), The stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (2012 Edition). http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2012/entries/properties-emergent/.
  14. Searle, J. R. (2000). Consciousness, free action and the brain. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 7(10), 3–22.Google Scholar
  15. Shoemaker, S. (2007). Physical realization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Silberstein, M., & McGeever, J. (1999). The search for ontological emergence. The Philosophical Quarterly, 49(195), 182–200. doi: 10.2307/2660261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Thompson, E. (2007). Mind in life: Biology, phenomenology, and the sciences of mind. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
  18. Thompson, E., & Varela, F. (2001). Radical embodiment: Neural dynamics and consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5(10), 418–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Varela, F., Thompson, E., & Rosch, E. (1991). Embodied mind: Cognitive science and human experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy, Faculty of ArtsUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations