Personality as equilibrium: fragility and plasticity in (inter-)personal identity
- 192 Downloads
The fabric of human life is ontologically different from the fabric of, for example, plant life. The plant is a living process of bodily growth enacted in and as xylem, phloem, tap-roots, etc. The human, on the contrary, is a living process of inhabiting a shared world of moral striving, aesthetic contemplation, political exploitation, erotic passion, and so on, and this process is enacted in and as inherently human relationships and practices. I note this contrast, not for the sake of making an argument about the external contrast between human experience and the life-situations of other organisms, but for the heuristic purpose of orienting us to the internal project of describing human experience on its own terms.1 The understanding of the existential fabric of human life requires different sorts of interpretive categories--a different ontology--than does the understanding of the fabric of vegetal life, and it is those categories that I aim to clarify here.
Long ago, Aristotle...
KeywordsSelf-identity Phenomenology Virtues of character Husserl Merleau-Ponty Aristotle Dynamic systems theory Personality development
- Barnes, G. (1985). The epistemology of Alcoholism. Alcoholism, 21, 71–86.Google Scholar
- Bateson, G. (1972). The cybernetics of ‘self’: A theory of alcoholism. In Steps to an Ecology of Mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Beith, D. (2017). Moving into being: The motor basis of perception, balance and reading. In K. Jacobson & J. Russon (Eds.), Perception and Its Development in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology (pp. 123-141). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
- Cachia, A. (2012). What can a body do? In What Can a Body Do? Exhibition catalog (pp. 4–8). Haverford: Haverford College.Google Scholar
- Cobb, E. (1977). The Ecology of imagination in children. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
- Costello, P. (2012). Layers in Husserl’s Phenomenology: On meaning and Intersubjectivity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
- Derrida, J. (1982). Signature, event, context. In Margins of Philosophy (A. Bass, Trans.) (pp. 307–30). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Fritsch, K. (2010). Intimate assemblages: Disability, Intercorporeality, and the labour of attendant care. Critical Disability Discourse, 2, 1–14.Google Scholar
- Hegel, G. W. F. (1977). Phenomenology of Spirit (A.V. Miller, Trans.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Heidegger, M. (1995). The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics: World, Finitude, Solitude (W. McNeill and N. Walker, Trans.). Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Husserl, E. (1988). Cartesian Meditations (D. Cairns, Trans.). London: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- Husserl, E. (2002). Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Psychology , Vol. II (R. Rojcewicz & A. Schwur, Trans.). Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- Kant, I. (2007). Critique of Pure Reason (N. Kemp Smith, Trans.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- MacIntyre, A. (1999). Dependent rational animals: Why human beings need the virtues. Chicago: Open Court.Google Scholar
- Mairs, N. (1996). Waist-high in the world: A life among the non-disabled. Boston: Beacon.Google Scholar
- Merleau-Ponty, M. (2012). Phenomenology of Perception (D. A. Landes, Trans.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Rosen S. (1972–3). Sōphrosunē and Selbstbewußtsein. Review of Metaphysics 26, 617–642.Google Scholar
- Russon, J. (2004). The bodily unconscious in Freud's three essays. In J. Mills (Ed.), Rereading Freud: Psychoanalysis through Philosophy (pp. 33–50). Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
- Russon, J. (2016). Subjectivity and hermeneutics. In N. Keane & C. Lawn (Eds.), The Blackwell companion to hermeneutics (pp. 205–211). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Sartre, J.-P. (1984). Being and Nothingness: A phenomenological essay in ontology. (H. E. Barnes, Trans.). New York: Washington Square.Google Scholar
- Siebers, T. (2013). Disability and the theory of complex embodiment—For identity Politics in a new register. In L. J. Davis (Ed.), The disability studies reader (pp. 278–297). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Spitz, R. A. (1945). Hospitalism—An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1, 53–74.Google Scholar
- Walker, B. & Meyers, J. A. (2004). Thresholds in ecological and social-ecological systems: A developing database. Ecology and Society, 9(2). http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art3/.
- Walker, B., Holling, C. S., Carpenter, S. R., & Kinzig A. (2004). Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 9(2). http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5/.
- Winnicott, D. W. (1964). The child, the family, and the outside world. London: Pelican.Google Scholar
- Winnicott, D. W. (1986). The child in the family group. In Home is Where We Start From: Essays by a Psychoanalyst. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Wittgenstein, L. (1958). Philosophical Investigations (G.E.M. Anscombe, Trans.). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar