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International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 1474–1481 | Cite as

Impact of pharmacist interventions on clinical outcome and cost avoidance in a university teaching hospital

  • Jean-Pierre Jourdan
  • Alexandra Muzard
  • Isabelle Goyer
  • Yann Ollivier
  • Youssef Oulkhouir
  • Patrick Henri
  • Jean-Jacques Parienti
  • Cécile Breuil
Research Article
  • 154 Downloads

Abstract

Background A significant number of clinical pharmacy services have shown to improve in-hospital medication safety and patient outcome. Prescription review and pharmacist interventions are a fundamental part of hospital clinical pharmacy activities. In a context of restricted financial resources, proving the economic and clinical impact of this activity seems necessary. Objective The aim of this study was to assess the clinical impact on patient outcomes and economic benefit of prescription review by pharmacists. Setting 1624-bed tertiary French university teaching hospital. Method Prospective single center study evaluating prescriptions for which a pharmacist intervention was issued over a 6-month period. The clinical impact of every pharmacist intervention was evaluated by a multidisciplinary experts committee. Economic benefit was evaluated from the public health care system spending standpoint. Main outcome measures Number of avoided hospitalization days and associated public health care system cost-avoidance. Results Prescription review and interventions by pharmacists prevented 73 intensive care unit hospitalization days, 74 continuous monitoring unit hospitalization days and 66 days of conventional hospitalization. €252,294.00 in public health expenditure were thus prevented. For every Euro invested in the prescription review activity, €5.09 of public health spending were potentially saved. Conclusion Our study shows that prescription review and clinical pharmacists’ interventions had an impact on clinical outcomes which translated into prevented hospitalization days. Prescription optimization through pharmacist interventions allows significant health care cost savings which makes this service highly efficient.

Keywords

Clinical pharmacy services France Health care costs Pharmacist Interventions Presciption review 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors want to thank all members of the expert committee Marie Baudon, Laure Champ Rigot, Delphine Claeys Jouenne, Nathalie Derache, Sophie Fedrizzi, Adeline Flatres, Claudine Hecquard, Jocelyn Michon, Marion Sassier, Laurence Thomas Bacheley and Valérie Hamon-Poupinel.

Funding

No specific funding was provided for the completion of the study.

Conflicts of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest either personally or financially.

Supplementary material

11096_2018_733_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (13 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 12 kb)
11096_2018_733_MOESM2_ESM.docx (29 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 29 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PharmacyCaen UHCCaenFrance
  2. 2.Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche sur le Médicament de NormandieNormandie University, UNICAEN, CERMNCaenFrance
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineCaen UHCCaenFrance
  4. 4.Department of Chest MedicineCaen UHCCaenFrance
  5. 5.Renal Disease Teaching CenterCaen UHCCaenFrance
  6. 6.Clinical Research and Innovation DivisionCaen UHCCaenFrance

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