International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 1047–1054 | Cite as

Exploring the challenges for clinical pharmacists in Sudan

  • Hwaida ElsadigEmail author
  • Marjorie Weiss
  • Jenny Scott
  • Raisa Laaksonen
Research Article


Background Clinical pharmacy practice in hospitals is a new role for pharmacists in Sudan. Pharmacists have to face the challenge of moving from their traditional roles within the pharmacy premises to new roles on the wards with direct contact with patients and other healthcare professionals. Objectives To explore the role and challenges facing the clinical pharmacists of Sudan. Settings Two of the main government hospitals in Sudan and an online survey. Method This study applied a two phase mixed method, a focus group discussion and a survey. A FGD was conducted with the clinical pharmacists in two of the main government hospitals in Sudan. This was followed by an on-line survey among the clinical pharmacists of Sudan. Main outcome measure The role of the clinical pharmacists of Sudan and the challenges facing clinical pharmacy practice. Results Four pharmacists participated in the focus group and 51 out of 140 pharmacists (34%) completed the on-line survey. The roles that were perceived by the majority of pharmacists as part of their duties in hospitals in Sudan were identifying drug-related problems (100%, n = 51), providing drug-related information to healthcare professionals by (96%, n = 47), and educating patients about their medicines (96%, n = 48). The pharmacists identified a number of obstacles that hindered their progress in practice. These obstacles were related to the pharmacists themselves, the lack of senior clinical pharmacists for leadership, the environment they were working in and the training they had received in clinical pharmacy. Conclusion The new clinical pharmacists in Sudan faced several challenges that need to be overcome in order to move forward in their clinical practice. To do so they will require support from pharmacy educational institutions, other healthcare professionals and the healthcare institutions they are working within.


Pharamacist roles Clinical pharmacy Hospital pharmacy Sudan 



The authors would like to thank all the pharmacists who voluntarily participated in this study.


This study was part of a PhD scholarship from the University of Bath. The authors would like to thank the Gordon Memorial College for its financial support.

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BathBathUK
  2. 2.Cardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  3. 3.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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