International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 473–477 | Cite as

A cross-sectional survey on the attitudes and interests of rural population towards expanded pharmacist prescribing in India

  • Muhammad Umair KhanEmail author
  • Mohammad Arief
  • Akram Ahmad
  • Sadiqa Malik
  • Lakhya Jyoti Gogoi
  • Manabendra Kalita
  • Fahad Saleem
  • Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali
Short Research Report


Background Shortage of qualified medical doctors and little or no access to basic medicines and medical facilities are the major rural health concerns in India. Expanding the role of pharmacists to provide prescribing services could improve rural health outcomes. Objective To assess the attitudes of rural population towards pharmacist prescribing and their interest in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services. Setting Rural population of Assam, India. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted for a period of 2 months from March to April 2016 in the State of Assam, India. A multi-stage sampling was used to recruit (n = 410) eligible participants. Main outcome measure Rural population attitudes towards, and interests in using, pharmacist prescribing services. Results The attitudes of participants were generally positive towards pharmacist prescribing. A large proportion of participants (81.5%) agreed that pharmacists should have a prescribing role in rural India. Participants indicated their interest in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services, with greater interests in receiving medications in emergency situations (79.7%) and getting a treatment plan for their medical problem (75.6%). Participants with low income and tertiary education had better attitudes and showed more interest towards expanded pharmacist prescribing services (p < 0.05). Conclusions Most participants had positive attitudes towards pharmacist prescribing and were interested in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services.


Attitudes India Interests Pharmacist Prescribing Rural area 



We like to thank all the participants who completed the questionnaire.


Authors did not receive any funding for this study.

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Umair Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Arief
    • 2
  • Akram Ahmad
    • 2
  • Sadiqa Malik
    • 3
  • Lakhya Jyoti Gogoi
    • 4
  • Manabendra Kalita
    • 5
  • Fahad Saleem
    • 6
  • Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali
    • 7
  1. 1.Faculty of PharmacyThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesUCSI UniversityKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineSwan Neelu Angel’s HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Medical Lab and Mocecular Diagnostic TechnologyMangaldai CollegeMangaldaiIndia
  5. 5.Institutional Level Biotech HubDakshin Kamrup CollegeMirzaIndia
  6. 6.Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health SciencesUniversity of BalochistanQuettaPakistan
  7. 7.Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPinangMalaysia

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