Interdisciplinary collaboration in the provision of a pharmacist-led discharge medication reconciliation service at an Irish teaching hospital
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Background Medication reconciliation is a basic principle of good medicines management. With the establishment of the National Acute Medicines Programme in Ireland, medication reconciliation has been mandated for all patients at all transitions of care. The clinical pharmacist is widely credited as the healthcare professional that plays the most critical role in the provision of medication reconciliation services. Objectives To determine the feasibility of the clinical pharmacist working with the hospital doctor, in a collaborative fashion, to improve the completeness and accuracy of discharge prescriptions through the provision of a pharmacist led discharge medication reconciliation service. Setting 243-bed acute teaching hospital of Trinity College Dublin, Ireland. Method Cross-sectional observational study of discharge prescriptions identified using non-probability consecutive sampling. Discharge medication reconciliation was provided by the clinical pharmacist. Non-reconciliations were communicated verbally to the doctor, and documented in the patient’s medical notes as appropriate. The pharmacist and/or doctor resolved the discrepancies according to predetermined guidelines. Main outcome measures Number and type of discharge medication non-reconciliations, and acceptance of interventions made by the clinical pharmacist in their resolution. Number of discharge medication non-reconciliations requiring specific input of the hospital doctor. Results In total, the discharge prescriptions of 224 patients, involving 2,245 medications were included in the study. Prescription non-reconciliation was identified for 62.5 % (n = 140) of prescriptions and 15.8 % (n = 355) of medications, while communication non-reconciliation was identified for 92 % (n = 206) of prescriptions and 45.8 % (n = 1,029) of medications. Omission of preadmission medications (76.6 %, n = 272) and new medication non-reconciliations (58.5 %, n = 602) were the most common type. Prescription non-reconciliations were fully resolved on 55.7 % (n = 78) of prescriptions prior to discharge; 67.9 % (n = 53) by the doctor, 26.9 % (n = 21) by the clinical pharmacist, and 5.2 % (n = 4) by the joint input of doctor and pharmacist. All communication non-reconciliations were resolved prior to discharge; 97.1 % (n = 200) by the pharmacist, and 2.9 % (n = 6) by both doctor and pharmacist. Conclusion This study demonstrates how interdisciplinary collaboration, between the clinical pharmacist and hospital doctor, can improve the completeness and accuracy of discharge prescriptions through the provision of a pharmacist led discharge medication reconciliation service at an Irish teaching hospital.
KeywordsClinical pharmacy Discharge prescription Hospital pharmacy In-patient Interdisciplinary Ireland Medication reconciliation Patient safety
The author acknowledges the contribution of Dr. Anita Weidmann, Robert Gordon University, Scotland, in bringing this research to completion. Also all staff at Naas General Hospital who facilitated the study. Additionally, Ms. Mairéad Galvin who guided data collection and analysis.
The author has not received any financial support for this work.
Conflicts of interest
The author declares no conflicts of interest.
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