International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 570–576 | Cite as

Mandatory continuing professional education in pharmacy: the Singapore experience

  • Hui-Gek AngEmail author
  • Yong-Hao Pua
  • Nur Azah Subari
Research Article


Background Mandatory Continuing Professional Education (CPE) for the renewal of pharmacists’ practising certificate was implemented in Singapore in 2008 Objective To study pharmacists’ perceptions and attitudes about the impact of mandatory CPE in Singapore. Setting Singapore. Method Internet-based questionnaire survey, conducted between May and June 2011. Main outcome measure Pharmacists’ perceptions and attitudes toward mandatory CPE and the perceived difficulty in fulfilling the CPE requirements. Results The overall survey response rate was 52 % (840/1,609). Of the respondents, 32 % were non-practising, 49 % were practising in patient care areas, and 19 % were practising in non-patient care areas. More than half the pharmacists agreed that mandatory CPE (1) enhanced or increased their knowledge base and skills (70 %; 95 % CI 67–73 %), (2) motivated them to continually learn (64 %; 95 % CI, 60–67 %), and (3) motivated them to reflect on their professional practice or work (58 %; 95 % CI, 54–61 %). Mandatory CPE was not perceived to enhance or increase employability. Non-practising pharmacists appeared to have the greatest difficulty meeting the CPE requirements. Conclusions In general, pharmacists value mandatory CPE more for positive professional reasons than for employability reasons. The survey results may serve as useful baseline data for future studies of pharmacists’ perceptions and attitudes toward CPE in Singapore.


Attitudes Continuing education Perception Pharmacists Singapore 



We thank the President and Registrar of the Singapore Pharmacy Council for giving their support to the conduct of this project. We thank Ms. Chua Sok Hong for her research assistance. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for the helpful comments and suggestions. The authors declare that the content of this manuscript reflects only the views of the authors and does not represent the position of their work organisations.

Conflict of interest




Supplementary material

11096_2013_9767_MOESM1_ESM.doc (482 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 483 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Allied Health DivisionSingapore General HospitalSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of PhysiotherapySingapore General HospitalSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Ministry of HealthSingaporeSingapore

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