International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 469–475 | Cite as

Expanded prescribing: a comparison of the views of Australian hospital and community pharmacists

  • Kreshnik HotiEmail author
  • Jeffery Hughes
  • Bruce Sunderland
Research Article


Background Community pharmacies and hospitals are the two main professional areas for pharmacists. There is currently a lack of comparison of pharmacists working in these two distinct settings in relation to an expanded prescribing role. Objective To compare the attitudes of hospital and community pharmacists regarding an expanded prescribing role. Setting Australian pharmacists. Methods A self-administered postal survey was used to collect the data. Data analysis was performed using SPSS® v19. Kendall’s tau-c test was used to compare the mean values between categorical variables (i.e. hospital or community pharmacists) and continuous variables measuring attitudes on a Likert scale (i.e. reasons in favour and barriers of pharmacist prescribing, preferred therapeutic areas of prescribing and prescribing models). A Chi square test was used to analyse categorical variables (i.e. demographics). Main outcome measure The opinion of hospital and community pharmacists regarding an expanded prescribing role. Results A response rate of 40.4 % was achieved (1,049/2,592). Where significant differences were located, community pharmacists were more supportive of all proffered potential reasons in favour of pharmacist prescribing (p < 0.05) whereas hospital pharmacists were more in agreement with all suggested barriers to such a role (p < 0.05). In a supplementary (collaborative) prescribing model, hospital pharmacists were more confident than community pharmacists in prescribing for heart failure (p < 0.001) and anticoagulant therapies (p = 0.004). In an independent prescribing model hospital pharmacists were more supportive of prescribing anticoagulant therapies (p = 0.002). Significant differences were found between the two groups in relation to their support for independent prescribing (p = 0.020) and extension of the emergency supply 3 days rule to 30 days (p = 0.011). Conclusion This study suggests that there are differences between hospital and community pharmacists in what they regard as potential reasons in favour of an expanded pharmacist prescribing role, perceived barriers to such a role and whether to prescribe independently of doctors. Hospital pharmacists’ attitudinal differences in terms of support for certain therapeutic areas of prescribing reflects probably their existing active role in clinical decision making processes in patients who are often seriously ill.


Australia Community pharmacists Hospital pharmacists Independent prescribing Pharmacist prescribing Pharmacist role Supplementary prescribing 



The authors with to thank pharmacists who participated in this survey, Jenny Lalor for assistance with data entry and interpretation and Dr Richard Parsons for his assistance with statistical analysis.



Conflicts of interest

Authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kreshnik Hoti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jeffery Hughes
    • 1
  • Bruce Sunderland
    • 1
  1. 1.Curtin Health and Innovation Research Institute, School of PharmacyCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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