International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 506–509 | Cite as

WHO guidelines for treatment of tuberculosis: the missing links

  • Muhammad AtifEmail author
  • Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman
  • Asrul Akmal Shafie
  • Irfhan Ali
  • Mohamed Azmi Hassali
  • Fahad Saleem


Worldwide, the treatment of tuberculosis is based on evidence-based guidelines developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for national tuberculosis programs. However, the importance of health related quality of life, the adequate management of side effects associated with antituberculosis drugs and the elaboration of tuberculosis treatment outcome categories are a few issues that need to be addressed in forthcoming WHO guidelines for the treatment of tuberculosis.


Antihistamines Health related quality of life Side effects Sputum induction Treatment outcomes Tuberculosis WHO Guidelines 



Authors would like to thank Institute of Postgraduate Studies (IPS) at University Sains Malaysia for their financial support in carrying out this work through USM-RU-PRGS (1001/PFARMASI/844011).

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Atif
    • 1
    Email author
  • Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman
    • 2
  • Asrul Akmal Shafie
    • 3
  • Irfhan Ali
    • 4
  • Mohamed Azmi Hassali
    • 3
  • Fahad Saleem
    • 3
  1. 1.Discipline of Clinical PharmacySchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.School of Pharmaceutical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  3. 3.Discipline of Social and Administrative PharmacySchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  4. 4.Head of Respiratory DepartmentPenang General HospitalPenangMalaysia

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