International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 55–57 | Cite as

Teaching patient-centered care to pharmacy students

Commentary

Abstract

The concepts of pharmaceutical care are distinctively different from the responsibilities of dispensing pharmacists and in accordance with the standards of practice of other professionals in the health care system. By taking direct responsibility for individual patient’s medication-related needs, pharmacists can make unique contribution to the outcome of medication therapy and to their patients’ quality of life. If the pharmacists are to contribute effectively to the new patient-centered pharmaceutical practice they must have the opportunity to acquire the new knowledge and skills required for their new role. To do this they must become life-long learners, one of the roles of the new pharmacist. Therefore, an important outcome for pharmacy education is to perform graduates capable to provide patient-centered pharmaceutical services. The purpose of this paper is to stimulate reflection on the relevance of teaching patient-centered care to pharmacy students, consistent with the practice of pharmaceutical care as a current trend in the pharmacy practice.

References

  1. 1.
    Hepler CD, Strand LM. Opportunities and responsibilities in pharmaceutical care. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990;47:533–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ramalho de Oliveira D, Shoemaker SJ. Achieving patient centeredness in pharmacy practice. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2006;46(1):56–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sleath B, Campbell W. American pharmacy: a profession in the final stage of dividing? J Soc Adm Pharm. 1998;15:225–40.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mauksch L, Dugdale D, Epstein MD. Relationship, communication, and efficiency in the medical encounter. creating a clinical model from a literature review. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(13):1387–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stewart M. Towards a global definition of patient centered care. BMJ. 2001;322(7284):444–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mead N, Bower P. Patient-centredness: a conceptual framework and review of the empirical literature. Soc Sci Med. 2000;51:1087–110.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cipolle R, Strand LM, Morley PC. Pharmaceutical care practice. 1st ed. New York: McGraw Hill; 1998:19–20.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ramalho de Oliveira D. Pharmaceutical care uncovered: an ethnographic study of pharmaceutical care practice [dissertation]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota; 2003:425.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McDonough RP. Interventions to improve patient pharmaceutical care outcomes. J Am Pharm Assoc 1996;NS36 (7):453–65.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hasan S. Teach communication skills to pharmacy students. Am J Parm Educ. 2008;72(3):67.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cipolle R, Strand L, Morley P. Levels of pharmaceutical care: a needs-basic approach. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1991;48:547–50.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hritcko PM. A new paradigm for pharmacy practice and education. Harvard health policy review. 2006;7(1):143–146. Available online at: http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/~hhpr/publications/previous/06s/Hritcko.pdf. Accessed 7 Jul 2010.
  13. 13.
    Robert K, Chalmers S, Adlerb A. Essential linkage of professional socialization and pharmaceutical care. Am J Pharm Educ. 1995;59:85–90.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Langlois J, Thach S. Teaching and learning styles in the clinical setting. Fam Med. 2001;33(5):344–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Droege M. The role of reflective practice in pharmacy. Educ Health. 2003;16(1):68–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Barrows HS. Taxonomy of problem-based learning methods. Med Educ. 1986;20:481–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fisher RC. The potential for problem-based learning in pharmacy education: a clinical therapeutics course in diabetes. Am J Pharm Educ. 1997;58:183–9.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cisneros RM, Salisbury-Glennon D. Status of problem-based learning research in pharmacy education: a call for future research. Am J Pharm Educ. 2002;66:19–26.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Berger BA. Patient-centered care: it’s about time. Am J Pharm Educ 2009; 73 (5) (Article 91).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Strand L, Cipolle R, Morley P. Pharmaceutical care practice: the clinician’s guidance. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill; 2004:73–77.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Community SettingMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations