Advertisement

Pharmacy World & Science

, 31:677 | Cite as

Pharmacy students’ attitudes toward pharmaceutical care in Riyadh region Saudi Arabia

  • Mohamed Nasser Al-ArifiEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Aim of the study The objectives of the study were to investigate and describe the attitude of Saudi pharmacy students toward pharmaceutical care. Method A survey of pharmacy students (8th–10th educational levels) was conducted from September to December 2006, in college of pharmacy King Saud University, Riyadh. The students completed a self-administered questionnaire designed to test the study objectives. The instrument (Standard Pharmaceutical Care Attitudes Survey, PCAS) used in the questionnaire was developed and revalidated in USA. Descriptive statistics on the sample characteristics and questionnaire items include means, standard deviation and frequency distribution. Student’s t test and one-way ANOVA were used for inferential statistics. Results A total of 214 students (85.6% response rate) completed the questionnaire. The Cronbach alpha was found to be 0.792. Of the respondents, 95.2% felt that pharmaceutical care movement will improve patient health, 94.9% thought that the practice of pharmaceutical care is valuable, 85% “strongly agree” or “agree” that all pharmacists should perform pharmaceutical care, whereas, about two third (64.5%) “strongly agree” or “agree” that students should perform pharmaceutical care during their clerkships. The rated scores and factor loading, which are used to determine items that belong to the group responses, were reported. Determination of communalities reveled no item had loading factor of <0.4 and therefore, the mean total score was computed to be 56.17 ± 0.29019. Females had significantly higher positive attitudes than their male counterparts, and this were also associated with age and marital status. Conclusion Saudi pharmacy students in the study indicated favorable positive attitudes toward pharmaceutical care, and the attitude ratings were associated with age, sex and marital status. A nationwide survey including all pharmacy faculties would provide further evidence. The validity of PCAS needs cross validation in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords

Attitudes Pharmaceutical care Pharmacy students Saudi Arabia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank Mr. Othman A. Jubara and Mr. Nasir Al-Qahtani for their help in the presentation of a part of this work as a poster in the seventh international Saudi pharmaceutical conference held in Riyadh 19-21 March 2007.

Funding

No special funding was obtained for this work.

Conflict of interests

No conflict of interests to this work from any party.

References

  1. 1.
    Perrier DG, Winslade N, Pugsley J, et al. Designing a pharmaceutical care curriculum. Am J Pharm Educ. 1995;59:113–29.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hatwig CA, Crane VS. A pharmaceutical care challenge. Recruiting training and retaining pharmaceutical care practitioners. Top Hosp Pharm Manage. 1993;13(3):1–10.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schommer JC, Cable GL. Current status of pharmaceutical care practice, strategies for education. Am J Pharm Educ. 1996;60:36–42.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Al-Arifi MN, Al-Dhuwaili AA, Gubara OA, Al-Omar HA, Al-Sultan MS, Saeed RI. Pharmacists understanding and attitudes towards pharmaceutical care in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Pharm Journal. 2007;15(2):133–46.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Awad A, Al-Ebrahim S, Abahussain E. Pharmaceutical care services in hospitals of Kuwait. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2006;9(2):149–57.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    May RM. Barriers to pharmaceutical care in acute care setting. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1993;50:1608–11.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    McDonough RP, Rovers JP, Currie JD. Obstacles to the implementation of pharmaceutical care in the community setting. J Am Pharm Assoc. 1998;38:87–95.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Day C, Fudge RP, McMahon TV, Smith SL, Helling DK. Pharmacy panel on realities of contemporary practice. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1985;42:1306–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roberts AS, Benrimoj SI, Chen TF, Williams KA, Aslani P. Practice change in community pharmacy: quantification of facilitators. Ann Pharmacother. 2008;42(6):861–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hopp TR, Sørensen EW, Herborg H, Roberts A. Implementation of cognitive pharmaceutical services (CPS) in professionally active pharmacies. Int J Pharm Pract. 2005;13:21–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hepler CD, Strand IM. Opportunities and responsibility of pharmaceutical care. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1990;47:533–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rachl CL, Pitterle ME, Bond CA. Legal status and functions of hospital based pharmacy technicians and their relationship to clinical pharmacy services. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1992;49:2179–87.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Adamick BA. Teaching the pharmaceutical care. Removing the fence. Am J Pharm Educ. 1992;56:434–41.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Berardo DH. Teaching a pharmaceutical care. A methodology for change. Am J Pharm Educ. 1992;56:430–4.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chisholm MA, Wade WE. Factors influencing students’ attitudes toward pharmaceutical care. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1999;56:2330–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chisholm MA, Wade WE. Using actual patients in classroom to develop positive students’ attitudes toward pharmaceutical care. Am J Pharm Educ. 1999;63:296–9.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chisholm MA, Ricci JF, Taylor AT. Implementation and evaluation of an HIV/AIDS intervention program to improve student attitudes toward providing care. Am J Pharm Educ. 1999;63:72–7.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Martin BC, Chisholm MA. Cross-validation of an instrument measuring student attitudes toward pharmaceutical care. Am J Pharm Educ. 1999;63:46–51.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chisholm MA, Martin BC. Development of an instrument to measure student attitudes concerning pharmaceutical care. Am J Pharm Educ. 1997;61:374–9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of PharmacyKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations