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Pharmacy World & Science

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 458–463 | Cite as

Safety of an injection with a mixture of extracts from Herba Artemisiae annuae, Fructus Gardeniae and Flos Lonicerae

  • Hou Ming XuEmail author
  • Yue Wang
  • Nai Feng Liu
Research Article

Abstract

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the safety for an injection with a mixture of extracts from Herba Artemisiae annuae, Fructus Gardeniae and Flos Lonicerae and to determine the risk factors that may affect its adverse drug reactions. Methods A drug-oriented prospective observational study was performed. Physicians filled in clinical observation forms with detailed information of the patients including general information, drug information, therapeutic effects and adverse drug events. The adverse drug reaction factors were analyzed by both mono-factor and multiple-factor logistic regression methods. Results From April to July 2007, we collected 12,427 observation forms from 46 hospitals in Jiangsu Province of China. Among the 11,707 observation forms we analyzed, 8,074 patients were children younger than 14 years old (69%). Among 51 reported adverse drug events, 45 cases were adverse drug reactions. The total adverse drug reaction incidence of the injection was 0.38%. While most adverse drug reactions were previously known (e.g., rash, pruritus, vomiting and diarrhea), we observed three new ADR symptoms: shiver, phlebitis and anhelation. All the adverse drug reactions were controlled very well through the follow-up therapy, and none of them was life threatening. The mono-factor analysis showed that adverse drug reactions of the injection were significantly correlated with total medication dose (P = 0.0049) and combination medication (P = 0.0143), especially with antimicrobial drugs (P = 0.0079) and macrolides (P = 0.0017). The multiple factor analysis confirmed these results: medication dosage and combination medication had a crucial impact on adverse drug reactions of the injection; the risk was increased by 24.8% (the estimated value of relative risk was 1.248, 95% confidence interval: 1.054–1.479) and 89% (1.890, 1.001–3.566), respectively. Conclusion The total adverse drug reaction incidence of the injection was 0.38% and lower than we expected. Moreover, we observed three new adverse drug reactions, none of which was severe.

Keywords

Adverse drug reactions China Combination medication Dosage Flos Lonicerae Fructus Gardeniae Herba Artemisiae annuae Intensive monitoring Pharmacovigilance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank all the physicians who participated in our study.

Funding

This study was partly supported by Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, China.

Conflict of interest

The company that funded the study had no influence on any decisions in relation to study design or publication. There are no other (potential) conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.China Pharmaceutical UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.ADR Monitoring Center of Jiangsu ProvinceNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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