A discussion paper on self-care and its implications for pharmacists
- 346 Downloads
Self-care is what people do to themselves to establish and maintain health, prevent and deal with illness. It includes nutrition, lifestyle, self-medication, hygiene, socio-economic and environmental factors. Self-care has been with us for thousands of years, but today there is an opportunity for pharmacists to assist patients with self-care. Society is better educated than ever before and now has access to accurate, understandable and objective, up-to-date information about drug therapies. Moreover, there is a general trend to take back control from physicians and other care-givers, and for patients to make decisions about their own care. Additional drugs are becoming available OTC and some information may require professional interpretation. On a parallel plane, the pharmacist is being recognized as a trustworthy source of information and advice. When these trends interact, there becomes a golden opportunity for pharmacists to demonstrate their worth to their patients. This report provides the perspectives from numerous sources as to the future role of the pharmacist in self-care.
KeywordsOTC drugs Pharmacist care Self-care
- 1.Sobel DS. Patients as partners: improving health and cost outcomes with self-care and chronic diseases management. NatPact Conference, 2003. www.natpact.nhs.UK/uploads/DavidSobel.ppt. Accessed December 15, 2006.
- 2.Consumer uses of OTC medications and dietary supplements. 2002 Rodale Inc.Google Scholar
- 3.Webber DE, Williams JR. From patient to self-care: a discussion paper on the future of self-care and its implications for physicians. Ferney-Voltaire: WSMI; 2006.Google Scholar
- 4.http://www.eurowho.int/observatory/Glossary?Toppage?Phrase=H. Accessed 28 September 2007.
- 5.WHO. Guidelines for the regulatory assessment of medicinal products for use in self-medication. Geneva; 2000.Google Scholar
- 6.Healthy people. The Surgeon Generals’ report on health promotion and disease prevention. 1979 DHEW Publications Nr. 79.55071, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- 7.World Health Organization (WHO). Health education in self-care: possibilities and limitations. Geneva, Switzerland; 1983.Google Scholar
- 8.Mechanic D. The growth of bureaucratic medicine: an inquiry into the dynamics of patient behavior and the organization of medical care. USA: Wiley-Inter science Publications; 1976.Google Scholar
- 9.Rosentock IM. The health belief model and preventive health behavior. In: Becker MH, editor. The health belief model and personal health behavior. Thorofare: Charles B. Slack, Inc.; 1972.Google Scholar
- 10.Bellinghan C. How pharmacists can support self-care. Pharm J 2005;274:22 Jan.Google Scholar
- 12.Coons ST, McGhan WF. The role of drugs in self-care. J Drug Issues 1988;18:175.Google Scholar
- 13.Skinny models banned from catwalk. September 13, 2006. http://cnn.com/2006/WORLD/europe/0913/spain.models/index.html. Accessed 28 September 2007.
- 14.Pawaskar MD, Balkrishman R. Switching from prescription to over-the-counter medications: a consumer and managed care perspective. Managed Care Interface; January, 2007.Google Scholar
- 16.Cranz H. Health economics and self-medication. J Soc Adm Pharm 1990;7:184–9.Google Scholar
- 17.www.dh.gov.UK/self-care. Accessed Jan 4, 2007.
- 18.www.diabeteseducator.org. Accessed Jan 4, 2007.
- 19.Self-care: making Canadians healthier. www.ndmag.ca/index.cfm?useaction=main.ads. Accessed Jan 17, 2007.
- 20.OTC facts and figures. 2001. Consumer Health Care Products Association, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- 21.Wertheimer AI, Santella TM. Medication errors associated with over-the-counter drugs; prevalence and reduction strategies. J Pharm Finance Econ Policy 2007;15:4, 75.Google Scholar
- 22.Utilization and appropriateness of self-medication in Finland. Sihro Sinikka, Academic Dissertation, 2000.Google Scholar
- 23.Blenkinsopp A, Noyce P. Minor illness management in primary care: a review of community pharmacy. NHS Schemes, 2002.Google Scholar
- 24.WHO. The role of the pharmacist in self-care and self-medication. Report of the 4th WHO Consultative Group on the Role of the Pharmacist. The Hague, The Netherlands, 26–28 August 1998. WHO/DAP/98.13. World Health Organization, Geneva 1998.Google Scholar
- 25.Montaigne M, Basara LR. Consumer behavior regarding choice of prescription and non-prescription medication. In: Smith MC, Wertheimer AI, editors. Social and behavioral aspects of pharmaceutical care. NY: The Haworth Press Inc; 1996.Google Scholar
- 26.Top 200 OTC/HBC Brands in 2006. http://drugtopics.com/drugtopics/pharmacy+Facts+And+Figures/Top-200-OTCHBC. Accessed 1 October 2007.
- 27.British Market Research Bureau (BMRB). Everyday Health Care Study of Self-Medication in Great Britain. October 1997.Google Scholar
- 29.American Pharmacists Association. Pharmacy today survey. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association; 2005.Google Scholar
- 30.Bradley C, Blenkinsopp A. Over-the-counter drugs: the future for self-medication. BMJ 1996;312:835–7. www.bmj.com/sgi/content/full/312/7034/835. Accessed Jan 17, 2007.