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Pharmacy World & Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 57–64 | Cite as

Pricing and reimbursement of pharmaceuticals in the Czech Republic and Sweden

  • Jana DavidovaEmail author
  • Lenka Praznovcova
  • Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg
Research Article

Abstract

Objectives To describe and compare price regulation and reimbursement in the Czech Republic and Sweden. Methods Legal documents, government reports, statutory information, annual reports and scientific articles were searched using the keywords: pharmaceutical market regulation, drug policy, drug pricing, drug reimbursement and patients’ participation in costs concerning both countries. Approaches to regulation and regulatory steps concerning prices were compared between the countries. Main outcome measure (i) Institutional responsibilities in pricing and reimbursement of pharmaceuticals; (ii) principles of patients’ participation in costs on pharmaceuticals. Results Substantial differences were found in terms of pricing. In the Czech Republic, the Ministry of Finance sets maximal prices for pharmaceuticals whereas in Sweden there is a process of price regulation combined with reimbursement decisions taken by the Pharmaceutical Benefits Board. Together with a system of state-owned pharmacies, this ensures that drug prices in Sweden are fixed at the same level throughout the country. In the Czech Republic, prices may differ, since only maximal price levels are set. In both countries, decisions about reimbursement are taken at the national or state level whereas insurance funds or county councils are responsible for covering costs. The private share of pharmaceutical expenditures is substantially lower in the Czech Republic, even though there is no maximal level for patient’s co-payment, as there is in Sweden. Conclusion Differences in price setting and some other regulations of the pharmaceutical market were found. Both systems are designed to promote rational use of pharmaceuticals; and are based on social solidarity.

Keywords

Co-payment Czech Republic Drug pricing Drug reimbursement Pharmaceutical Market Pharmaceutical Policy Regulations Sweden 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank to the Library of the Sveriges Riksdag for the provision of English versions of Swedish legislation. Authors would like to express their acknowledgement to Ms. Franzen (Medical Product Agency, Sweden) and Mr. Wessling (Pharmaceutical Benefit Board, Sweden) for providing their personal expert knowledge.

Financial support

Financially supported by Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove, Charles University in Prague.

References

All legislative documents are used as amended at the time of data collection.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jana Davidova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lenka Praznovcova
    • 1
  • Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of PharmacyCharles UniversityHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health (IHCAR)Karolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Nordic School of Public HealthGoteborgSweden
  4. 4.Apoteket ABGoteborgSweden

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