Pharmaceutical Policy and the Pharmacy Profession*
- 298 Downloads
In this article, the authors look at the relationship between pharmaceutical policy and the pharmacy profession with focus on pharmacy practice and pharmacists in the health care sector. Pharmaceutical policy encompasses three major policy inputs: public health policy, health care policy and industrial policy. In order to analyse and understand pharmaceutical policy, it is important to know how policymakers view pharmacy and pharmacists. The authors look at the issues that arise when policy regulates pharmacy as a business, and what this means for the profession. The perspective of pharmacy as a health care profession, as well as what it means when we view pharmaceutical policy in the context of the health sector labour market, is discussed.
The authors also discuss how factors external to the profession are affecting its purpose and realm of practice, including the current trend in managerialism, and how the division of labour with other health professionals such as physicians and pharmacy assistants is affecting the pharmacy profession’s position in the labour market.
Next the authors look at ways in which the pharmacy profession has affected policy. Pharmacists have been instrumental in developing new and expanding roles for the profession, sometimes inspired by external events, but often as a result of their own prerogative.
The pharmacy profession is encouraged to take a leading role in forming and contributing to policy, in this way making visible its contribution to society in general and public health in particular. If not, the profession will forever be reacting to policy and will remain at the mercy of policymakers and other strong actors in society.
KeywordsPharmaceutical policy Pharmacist Pharmacy Pharmacy profession Professionalism
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Permanand, G, Altenstetter, C 2004The politics of pharmaceuticals in the European UnionE, MossialosM, MrazekT, Walley eds. Regulating Pharmaceuticals in Europe: Striving for Efficiency, Equity and QualityOpen University PressCornwall3854Google Scholar
- 2.Noerreslet, M, Larsen, JB, Traulsen, JM 2005The medicine user – lost in translation? Analysis of the official political debate prior to the deregulation of the Danish medicine distribution systemSocial Science & Medicine61173340Google Scholar
- 4.Larsen JB, Vrangbæk K, Traulsen JM. Advocacy coalitions and pharmacy policy in Denmark – solid cores with fuzzy edges. Soc Sci Med 2005 (In press)Google Scholar
- 5.Anderson L. Casus Belli (Events Provoking War). Remington Honor Medal Lecture; 4 A.D. Mar 28; Seattle 2004 p. 1–11.Google Scholar
- 7.Wiedenmayer, K 2004The role of health professionalsAnderson, SHuss, RSummers, RWiedenmayer, K eds. Managing Pharmaceuticals in International HealthBirkhäuser VerlagBerlin5369Google Scholar
- 8.FDA. Combating Counterfeit Drugs – a report of the Food and Drug Administration. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration 2004Google Scholar
- 9.Almarsdóttir, AB, Morgall, JM, Grímsson, A 2001Professional Responsibility for Patient Welfare – is it possible to legislate pharmaceutical care?J Soc Admin Pharm184550Google Scholar
- 10.Gabe, J 2004Managerialism in Part Five: health care organization and policyGabe, JBury, MElston, MA eds. Key Concepts in Medical SociologySage PublicationsLondon2126Google Scholar
- 11.Turner, B 1995Power and Social Knowledge2SageLondonGoogle Scholar
- 12.Traulsen, JM, Bissell, P 2004Theories of professions and the pharmacistInt J Pharm Pract1210714Google Scholar
- 13.Trap, B, Hansen, EH 2002Prescription habits of dispensing and non-dispensing doctors in ZimbabweHealth Policy Plann1728895Google Scholar