Pharmaceutical Research

, 36:61 | Cite as

A Multifunctional Hydrogel Delivers Gold Compound and Inhibits Human Lung Cancer Xenograft

  • Puiyan Lee
  • Chun-Nam Lok
  • Chi-Ming CheEmail author
  • Weiyuan John KaoEmail author
Research Paper



Interpenetrating network system (IPN), consisting of polyethylene glycol (PEG) –diacrylate (PEGdA) and modified gelatin, is a biocompatible and biodegradable hydrogel and has been studied for the local delivery of bioactive molecules and drugs. Gold(III) porphyrin(AuP) is a stable metal compound in the development for anticancer application when administered systemically. The aim of this work is to develop a novel formulation for AuP based on IPN for local delivery.


IPN loaded with AuP hydrogel was optimized and synthesized. Drug release kinetics, cytotoxicity against tumor cells, and antitumor activity in lung cancer bearing nude mice were studied.


AuP released from the IPN followed a first order kinetics in vitro. The AuP loaded IPN showed higher cytotoxicity against human lung cancer cell lines compared to IPN only. In mice bearing human lung cancer xenograft, AuP loaded IPN inhibited tumor growth and reduced angiogenesis. No sign of systemic toxicity was observed for all treatment groups.


AuP loaded IPN provides an improved formulation over systemic delivery for tumor inhibition to complement surgical intervention.

Graphical Abstract

Injectable multifunctional matrix of polyethylene glycol and gelatin derivatives for the delivery of gold porphyrinto inhibit tumor growth.

Key words

cancer gel-PEG-Cys gold porphyrin in situ interpenetrating network system (IPN) 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology CentreThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical EngineeringThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong
  3. 3.Li Ka Shing Faculty of MedicinePokfulamHong Kong

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