Polymorphic Transformation of Indomethacin during Hot Melt Extrusion Granulation: Process and Dissolution Control
To study and elucidate the effect of the intensity and duration of processing stresses on the possible solid-state changes during a hot melt extrusion granulation process.
Blends of α-indomethacin and PEG 3350 (w/w 4:1) were granulated using various screw sizes/designs on the melt extruder under different temperature regimes. Differential Scanning Calorimetry and X-ray Powder Diffraction were employed for characterization. The dissolution behavior of the pure polymorphs and the resulting granules was determined using in-situ fiber optic UV testing system. An XRPD quantitation method using Excel full pattern fitting was developed to determine the concentration of each constituent (amorphous, α and γ indomethacin and PEG) in samples collected from each functioning zone and in granules.
Analysis of in-process samples and granules revealed that higher temperature (≥130°C) and shear stress accelerated the process induced phase transitions from amorphous and/or the α form to γ indomethacin during heating stage. However, rapid cooling resulted in an increased percentage of the α form allowing isolation of the meta-stable form.
By determining the conditions that either prevent or facilitate process induced transformations of IMC polymorphs during melt granulation, a design space was developed to control the polymorph present in the resulting granules. This represents the conditions necessary to balance the thermodynamic relationships between the polymorphs of the IMC system and the kinetics of the possible transformations as a function of the processing stresses.
KEY WORDScrystallization extrusion granulation process induced transformation solid state X-ray powder diffraction
Active pharmaceutical ingredient
Differential scanning calorimetry
Generalized reduced gradient
Hot melt extruder
Process induced transformations
X-ray powder diffraction
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND DISCLOSURES
We gratefully thank the Natoli Institute for Industrial Pharmacy Research and Development and Lachman Institute for Pharmaceutical Analysis, Long Island University, NY for financial support.
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