Submicron Protein Particle Characterization using Resistive Pulse Sensing and Conventional Light Scattering Based Approaches
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Characterizing submicron protein particles (approximately 0.1–1μm) is challenging due to a limited number of suitable instruments capable of monitoring a relatively large continuum of particle size and concentration. In this work, we report for the first time the characterization of submicron protein particles using the high size resolution technique of resistive pulse sensing (RPS).
Resistive pulse sensing, dynamic light scattering and size-exclusion chromatography with in-line multi-angle light scattering (SEC-MALS) are performed on protein and placebo formulations, polystyrene size standards, placebo formulations spiked with silicone oil, and protein formulations stressed via freeze-thaw cycling, thermal incubation, and acid treatment.
A method is developed for monitoring submicron protein particles using RPS. The suitable particle concentration range for RPS is found to be approximately 4 × 107-1 × 1011 particles/mL using polystyrene size standards. Particle size distributions by RPS are consistent with hydrodynamic diameter distributions from batch DLS and to radius of gyration profiles from SEC-MALS. RPS particle size distributions provide an estimate of particle counts and better size resolution compared to light scattering.
RPS is applicable for characterizing submicron particles in protein formulations with a high degree of size polydispersity. Data on submicron particle distributions provide insights into particles formation under different stresses encountered during biologics drug development.
KEY WORDSlight scattering protein particle resistive pulse sensing submicron subvisible
Asymmetrical flow field fractionation
Dynamic light scattering
Micro flow imaging
Nanoparticle tracking analysis
Phosphate buffer saline
Resonant mass measurement
Resistive pulse sensing
Small angle x-ray scattering
Size exclusion chromatography
Size exclusion chromatography with multi-angle light scattering
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