Delivery of Hypoxia-Inducible Heme Oxygenase-1 Gene for Site-Specific Gene Therapy in the Ischemic Stroke Animal Model
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To reduce side effects due to non-specific expression, the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene under control of a hypoxia-inducible erythropoietin (Epo) enhancer (pEpo-SV-HO-1) was developed for site-specific gene therapy of ischemic stroke.
pEpo-SV-HO-1 was constructed by insertion of the Epo enhancer into pSV-HO-1. Dexamethasone-conjugated polyamidoamine (PAMAM-Dexa) was used as a gene carrier. In vitro transfection assays were performed in the Neuro2A cells. In vivo efficacy of pEpo-SV-HO-1 was evaluated in the transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model.
In vitro transfection assay with the PAMAM-Dexa/pEpo-SV-HO-1 complex showed that pEpo-SV-HO-1 had higher HO-1 gene expression than pSV-HO-1 under hypoxia. In addition, pEpo-SV-HO-1 reduced the level of apoptosis more efficiently than pSV-HO-1 in Neuro2A cells under hypoxia. For in vivo evaluation, the PAMAM-Dexa/pEpo-SV-HO-1 complex was injected into the ischemic brain of the transient MCAO model. pEpo-SV-HO-1 increased HO-1 expression and reduced the number of apoptotic cells in the ischemic brain, compared with the pSV-HO-1 injection group. As a result, the infarct volume was more efficiently decreased by pEpo-SV-HO-1 than by pSV-HO-1.
pEpo-SV-HO-1 induced HO-1 gene expression and therapeutic effect in the ischemic brain. Therefore, pEpo-SV-HO-1 may be useful for site-specific gene therapy of ischemic stroke.
KEY WORDSgene delivery heme oxygenase-1 hypoxia-inducible gene ischemic stroke site-specific gene therapy
Hypoxia response elements
Middle cerebral artery occlusion
- (PAMAM G2)
Polyamidoamine generation 2
Reactive oxygen species
Simian virus 40
2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride
Vascular endothelial growth factor
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND DISCLOSURES
This work was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (NRF-2013R1A1A2059236).