A Direct Comparison of Anti-microRNA Oligonucleotide Potency
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Cataloguing endogenous miRNA targets by inhibiting miRNA function is fundamental to understanding the biological importance of each miRNA in gene regulatory pathways. Methods to down-regulate miRNA activity may help treat diseases where over-expression of miRNAs relates to the underlying pathophysiology. This study objectively evaluates the in vitro potency of different anti-miRNA oligonucleotides (AMOs) using various design and modification strategies described in the literature as well as some novel modification strategies.
MiR21 and miR16 AMOs, containing chemical modifications such as 2′-O-methyl RNA, locked nucleic acid and 2′-Fluoro bases with or without phosphorothioate linkages, were directly compared by transfection into HeLa cells using a dual-luciferase reporter assay to quantify miRNA inhibition.
Potency for the various AMOs ranged from inactive at high dose (50 nM) to strongly inhibitory at both high and low dose (1 nM). Including phosphorothioate linkages improved nuclease stability and generally increased functional potency.
Incorporating high binding affinity modifications, such as LNA and 2′F bases, increases AMO potency while maintaining specificity; nevertheless, use of low dose is preferred when using high potency reagents to minimize the potential for cross reactivity. 2′OMe/LNA chimeras with PS modifications were the most potent constructs tested for miRNA inhibition in vitro.
KEY WORDSantagonist antisense LNA miRNA potency
locked nucleic acids
RNA induced silencing complex
We thank Dr. Scott Rose for making the mouse liver protein extracts used in the nuclease stability studies. This research was entirely supported by internal funding from Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc.