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Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 841–854 | Cite as

Release of Plasmid DNA-Encoding IL-10 from PLGA Microparticles Facilitates Long-Term Reversal of Neuropathic Pain Following a Single Intrathecal Administration

  • Ryan Gene Soderquist
  • Evan M. Sloane
  • Lisa C. Loram
  • Jacqueline A. Harrison
  • Ellen C. Dengler
  • Scott M. Johnson
  • Luke D. Amer
  • Courtney S. Young
  • Makenzie T. Lewis
  • Stephen Poole
  • Matthew G. Frank
  • Linda R. Watkins
  • Erin D. Milligan
  • Melissa J. MahoneyEmail author
Research Paper

Abstract

Purpose

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory molecule that has achieved interest as a therapeutic for neuropathic pain. In this work, the potential of plasmid DNA-encoding IL-10 (pDNA-IL-10) slowly released from biodegradable microparticles to provide long-term pain relief in an animal model of neuropathic pain was investigated.

Methods

PLGA microparticles encapsulating pDNA-IL-10 were developed and assessed both in vitro and in vivo.

Results

In vitro, pDNA containing microparticles activated macrophages, enhanced the production of nitric oxide, and increased the production of IL-10 protein relative to levels achieved with unencapsulated pDNA-IL-10. In vivo, intrathecally administered microparticles embedded in meningeal tissue, induced phagocytic cell recruitment to the cerebrospinal fluid, and relieved neuropathic pain for greater than 74 days following a single intrathecal administration, a feat not achieved with unencapsulated pDNA. Therapeutic effects of microparticle-delivered pDNA-IL-10 were blocked in the presence of IL-10-neutralizing antibody, and elevated levels of plasmid-derived IL-10 were detected in tissues for a prolonged time period post-injection (>28 days), demonstrating that therapeutic effects are dependent on IL-10 protein production.

Conclusions

These studies demonstrate that microparticle encapsulation significantly enhances the potency of intrathecally administered pDNA, which may be extended to treat other disorders that require intrathecal gene therapy.

Key words

interleukin-10 microparticle pDNA PLGA neuropathic pain 

Abbreviations

Anti-IL-10-IgG

anti-rat interleukin-10 IgG neutralizing antibody

CCI

chronic constriction injury

CSF

cerebrospinal Fluid

CT

threshold cycle

GAPDH

glyceraldehyde-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

IL-10

interleukin-10

LAL

limulus amebocyte lysate

LPS

lipopolysaccharide

MHCII

major histocompatibility complex-II

NO

nitric oxide

pDNA

plasmid DNA

PLGA

poly (lactic-co-glycolic-acid)

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this work was provided by NIH grant DA018156, and E. Dengler was supported by NSF Grant DGE-0549500. The authors would like to acknowledge the expert assistance of Dr. Travis Hughes and Dr. Leslie Leinwand at the University of Colorado for consultations on plasmid DNA growth and characterization. We would also like to thank Avigen Inc. (Alameda, CA) for the purification of Anti-IL-10-IgG and Control-IgG antibodies used in this work and Jenny L. Wilkerson at the University of New Mexico for her assistance with surgical procedures.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Gene Soderquist
    • 1
  • Evan M. Sloane
    • 2
  • Lisa C. Loram
    • 2
  • Jacqueline A. Harrison
    • 2
  • Ellen C. Dengler
    • 3
  • Scott M. Johnson
    • 1
  • Luke D. Amer
    • 1
  • Courtney S. Young
    • 1
  • Makenzie T. Lewis
    • 2
  • Stephen Poole
    • 4
  • Matthew G. Frank
    • 2
  • Linda R. Watkins
    • 2
  • Erin D. Milligan
    • 3
  • Melissa J. Mahoney
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical & Biological EngineeringUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, & the Center for NeuroscienceUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurosciencesUniversity of New Mexico School of MedicineAlbuquerqueUSA
  4. 4.Division of EndocrinologyNational Institute for Biological Standards and ControlHertsUK

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