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Pharmaceutical Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 211–217 | Cite as

Chemopreventive Potential of Resveratrol in Mouse Skin Tumors Through Regulation of Mitochondrial and PI3K/AKT Signaling Pathways

  • Preeti Roy
  • Neetu Kalra
  • Sahdeo Prasad
  • Jasmine George
  • Yogeshwer ShuklaEmail author
Research Paper

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the chemopreventive potential of resveratrol, a phytoalexin found in seeds and skin of grapes, berries and peanuts in 7,12 dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced mouse skin tumorigenesis.

Methods

Topical treatment of resveratrol was given to the animals 1 h prior to DMBA for 28 weeks. At the end of the study period, the skin tumors were dissected out and western blotting was carried out to examine the regulation of proteins involved in anti-tumorigenesis in response to resveratrol.

Results

Chemopreventive properties of resveratrol were reflected by delay in onset of tumorigenesis, reduced cumulative number of tumors, and reduction in tumor volume. Results of the western blotting showed that resveratrol treatment increased the DMBA suppressed p53 and Bax while decreased the expression of Bcl-2 and Survivin. Further, resveratrol supplementation resulted in release of cytochrome C, caspases activation, increase in apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 (Apaf-1) as mechanism of apoptosis induction. Resveratrol was also found to inhibit skin tumorigenesis through regulation of Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/ and AKT proteins which are implicated in cancer progression because it stimulates proliferation and suppresses apoptosis.

Conclusions

Based on the results we can conclude that resveratrol regulates apoptosis and cell survival in mouse skin tumors as mechanism of chemoprevention hence deserve to be a chemopreventive agent.

KEY WORDS

apoptosis chemoprevention mouse skin tumorigenesis PI3K/AKT pathway resveratrol 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors are thankful to Dr. Ashwani Kumar, Director Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, (Council for Scientific & Industrial Research, India) for his keen interest in the study. Authors are also thankful to Department of Biotechnology (India) for providing fellowship to Ms. Preeti Roy and Indian Council of Medical Research (India) for providing fellowship to Ms. Neetu Kalra and Mr. Sahdeo Prasad.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Preeti Roy
    • 1
  • Neetu Kalra
    • 1
  • Sahdeo Prasad
    • 1
  • Jasmine George
    • 1
  • Yogeshwer Shukla
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Proteomics LaboratoryIndian Institute of Toxicology Research, (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, India)LucknowIndia

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