We have evaluated the antiproliferative activity of (E)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-1-(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)- prop-2-en-1-one (chalcone 5) against MGC-803 cells. This chalcone analog displayed a potent antiproliferative activity with an IC50 value of 0.23 μM against MGC-803 cells. It could induce apoptosis and regulate the apoptosis-related markers (Bax, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, and Bid) in a concentration dependent manner. Treatment with NAC almost completely attenuated chalcone-induced cell inhibition and cell apoptosis in MGC-803 cells, indicating that the apoptotic mechanisms were related to ROS generation. Therefore, this chalcone derivative is a new apoptosis inducer for prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.
chalcone MGC-803 apoptosis Bax NAC ROS generation
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This work was supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundations of China (No. 81703541 and 81673322), and project funded by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation. This work was supported by MEDCHEMEXPRESS. Thanks to MCE Award for Scientists Promoting Biology and Medicine Research.