Flowers of marigold (Tagetes) species as a source of xanthophylls
- 212 Downloads
The accumulation of xanthophylls in flowers of marigold (Tagetes) species cultivated under conditions of the Belgorod region has been studied. Five cultivars representing three marigold species were investigated, including T. erecta (Rhodes and Orange Snow cultivars), T. patula (Bolero and Harmony) and T. tenuifolia (Red Gem). The overall xanthophyll content in the petals of flowers has been determined spectrophotometrically, while the composition of lutein diesters in each Tagetes species as well as the composition of anthocyanins in the flowers with claret spots have been studied by reverse phase HPLC. It is established that the total content of xanthophylls and their composition are close to the published data for analogous species growing in other regions of the world. It is shown that more than 90% of xanthophylls in flowers are retained upon drying and the content of lutein diesters in the dry material can exceed 15 mg/g.
KeywordsCarotenoid Xanthophyll Zeaxanthin Lauric Acid Diester
- 1.V. M. Berezovskii, The Chemistry of Vitamins [in Russian], Pishchevaya Prom-st’, Moscow (1973), pp. 187–201.Google Scholar
- 3.T. L. Bosma, J. M. Dole, and N. O. Maness, Crop. Sci., 43, 2118–2124 (2003).Google Scholar
- 8.J. Jacob, R. Miles, Facksheet PS-51, (2000) http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.
- 9.J. A. Soul, in: New Crop, J. Janick and J. E. Simon (eds.), Wiley, New York (1993), pp. 649–654.Google Scholar
- 10.D. B. Rodrigues-Amaya, A Guide to Carotenoid Analysis in Foods, ILSI Press, Washington (2001), p. 15.Google Scholar
- 11.M. M. Giusti and R. E. Wrolstad, in: Current Protocols in Food Analytical Chemistry, Unit F2.2, S. King, M. Gates, and L. Scalettar (eds.), John Wiley and Sons, New York (2000).Google Scholar
- 12.V. I. Deineka and A. M. Grigor’ev, Zh. Anal. Khim., 59(3), 305–309 (2004).Google Scholar
- 14.V. I. Deineka, V. M. Staroverov, G. M. Fofanov, and L. N. Balyatinskaya, Khim.-Farm. Zh., 36(7), 44–47 (2002).Google Scholar