Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education

, Volume 20, Issue 3–4, pp 129–145

School Based Management: A Concept of Modest Entitivity with Modest Results



This paper discusses the concept of school-based management (SBM), often also called whole school reform. The paper is in four sections: (1) A description and discussion of what is meant by school-based management; (2) a review of the literature about its implementation; (3) a review of its effects on students; and (4) some general conclusions. The main arguments are that SBM is a concept of modest entitivity and that this contributes to the only modest achievement effects that have been attributed to SBM reforms to date when higher quality evaluations are performed.


Evaluation Whole school reform Comprehensive school reform School based management Comer Achievement Education Urban school reform 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Policy ResearchNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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