Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 739–762 | Cite as

Steam Plasma Treatment of Organic Substances for Hydrogen and Syngas Production

  • M. Hrabovsky
  • M. Hlina
  • V. Kopecky
  • A. Maslani
  • O. Zivny
  • P. Krenek
  • A. Serov
  • O. Hurba
Original Paper


Gasification of several organic materials in steam plasma generated in a special plasma torch with a water-stabilized arc was investigated. Thermal plasma with very high enthalpy and low mass flow rate is produced in an arc discharge which is in direct contact with water. Biomass and several types of solid and liquid organic waste were gasified by plasma aided reactions of materials with water, carbon dioxide and oxygen. Composition of produced gas, energy balance of gasification process and gasification efficiency were determined from measured data. Synthesis gas with high content of hydrogen and carbon monoxide and very low content of carbon dioxide, light hydrocarbons and tar was obtained for all tested materials. Comparison of measured data with results of theoretical computations confirmed that steam plasma gasification produces syngas with composition which is close to the one obtained from thermodynamic equilibrium calculations.


Plasma gasification Thermal plasma Steam plasma Syngas Organic waste 



The authors gratefully acknowledge support of the Grant Agency of CR under the Project Number GA15-19444S.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hrabovsky
    • 1
  • M. Hlina
    • 1
  • V. Kopecky
    • 1
  • A. Maslani
    • 1
  • O. Zivny
    • 1
  • P. Krenek
    • 1
  • A. Serov
    • 1
  • O. Hurba
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plasma Physics ASCRPraha 8Czech Republic

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