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Plasma Nitrogen Oxides Synthesis in a Milli-Scale Gliding Arc Reactor: Investigating the Electrical and Process Parameters

Abstract

Nitrogen fixed in the form of nitrogen oxides is essential to produce fertilizers and many other chemical products, which is vital to sustain life. The performance of a milli-scale gliding arc reactor operated under atmospheric pressure has been studied for nitrogen oxides synthesis. In this work, the electrical and process parameters of the gliding arc reactor, such as frequency, pulse width, amplitude and feed ratio were investigated respectively. The experiments were performed at 1 L/min in a gliding arc discharge regime. The highest concentration of NOx was found to be ~1 % at energy consumption of 10 kWh/kg of NOx. Increase in frequency, pulse width and amplitude resulted in an increased specific energy input and NOx concentration. The feed ratio (N2/O2) affected the amount of NO and NO2 produced, which gives possibility to independently obtain the desired ratio of NO/NO2 by tuning the electrical and process parameters.

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Acknowledgments

This research is kindly funded by the EU project MAPSYN: Microwave, Acoustic and Plasma SYNtheses, under the Grant Agreement No. CP-IP 309376 of the European Community’s Seventh Framework Program. Authors would like to thank Technische Universität Darmstadt, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Germany and Fraunhofer ICT-IMM Mainz, Germany for lending the milli-scale gliding arc reactor. Authors would also like to thank their technical support team in getting the milli-scale plasma reactor set-up working, especially to C. P. M. Buijs, E. P. J. M. van Herk, M. E. Coolen-Kuppens, P. J. L. Lipman, P. F. M. Aendenroomer and Paul Beijer.

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Correspondence to Q. Wang.

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Patil, B.S., Rovira Palau, J., Hessel, V. et al. Plasma Nitrogen Oxides Synthesis in a Milli-Scale Gliding Arc Reactor: Investigating the Electrical and Process Parameters. Plasma Chem Plasma Process 36, 241–257 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11090-015-9671-4

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Keywords

  • Milli-scale gliding arc reactor
  • Plasma NOx synthesis
  • Specific energy input
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Energy efficiency