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Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 165–175 | Cite as

Surface Modification of Poly-ε-Caprolactone with an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet

  • N. De GeyterEmail author
  • A. Sarani
  • T. Jacobs
  • A. Yu. Nikiforov
  • T. Desmet
  • P. Dubruel
Original Paper

Abstract

In this work, poly-ε-caprolactone samples are modified by an atmospheric pressure plasma jet in pure argon and argon/water vapour mixtures. In a first part of the paper, the chemical species present in the plasma jet are identified by optical emission spectroscopy and it was found that plasmas generated in argon/0.05 % water vapour mixtures show the highest emission intensity of OH (A–X) at 308 nm. In a subsequent section, plasma jet surface treatments in argon and argon/water vapour mixtures have been investigated using contact angle measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The polymer samples modified with the plasma jet show a significant decrease in water contact angle due to the incorporation of oxygen-containing groups, such as C–O, C=O and O–C=O. The most efficient oxygen inclusion was however found when 0.05 % of water vapour is added to the argon feeding gas, which correlates with the highest intensity of OH (X) radicals. By optimizing the OH (X) radical yield in the plasma jet, the highest polymer modification efficiency can thus be obtained.

Keywords

Atmospheric pressure plasma jet Poly-ε-caprolactone Water vapour Contact angle X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy Optical emission spectroscopy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. De Geyter
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Sarani
    • 1
  • T. Jacobs
    • 1
  • A. Yu. Nikiforov
    • 1
  • T. Desmet
    • 2
  • P. Dubruel
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Unit Plasma Technology (RUPT), Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Polymer Chemistry and Biomaterials Group, Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of SciencesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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